Paul B. Stephan

University of Virginia School of Law

John C. Jeffries, Jr., Distinguished Professor of Law; John V. Ray Research Professor

580 Massie Road

Charlottesville, VA 22903

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

51

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12,544

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17

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26

Scholarly Papers (51)

1.

The Futility of Unification and Harmonization in International Commercial Law

University of Virginia School of Law, Legal Studies Working Paper No. 99-10
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 18 Jul 1999
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 2,316 (8,093)
Citation 6

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2.

Competitive Competition Law? An Essay Against International Cooperation

Univ. of Virginia Law & Econ Research Paper No. 03-3
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 09 May 2003
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 727 (45,866)
Citation 3

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3.

Sovereign Immunity and the International Court of Justice: The State System Triumphant

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-47
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 29 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 17 Oct 2012
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 677 (50,496)

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sovereign immunity, international court of justice, human rights, customary international law

4.
Downloads 639 ( 54,402)

The Political Economy of Jus Cogens

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2011-14
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 07 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 24 Mar 2011
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 434 (86,929)

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international law, sovereign immunity, jus cogens

The Political Economy of Jus Cogens

This paper was submitted to a conference on the political economy of international law organized by University "La Sapienza." The proceedings from this conference will be edited by Professor Alberta Fabbricotti and published by Edward Elgar in 2016, Forthcoming., Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 48, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 23
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 29 Jun 2015 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2015
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 205 (192,476)

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Jus cogens, international law

5.

Self-Enforcing International Agreements and the Limits of Coercion

Columbia Law and Economics Working Paper No. 246
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 02 Mar 2004
Robert E. Scott and Paul B. Stephan
Columbia University - Law School and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 537 (67,770)
Citation 1

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Contracts, law and economics, international law, international trade

6.

Taxation and Expropriation - The Destruction of the Yukos Oil Empire

Houston Journal of International Law, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-48
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 30 Aug 2012
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 522 (70,240)

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Investment protection, international dispute resolution, tax

Courts, the Constitution, and Customary International Law: The Intellectual Origins of the Restatement (Third) of the Foreign Relations Law of the United States

Univ. of Virginia Law & Econ Research Paper No. 03-10
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 09 Dec 2003
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 271 (147,098)

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Courts, the Constitution, and Customary International Law: The Intellectual Origins of the Restatement (Third) of the Foreign Relations Law of the United States

UVA School of Law, Public Law Working Paper No. 03-4
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 10 May 2003
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 243 (163,478)
Citation 1

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8.

Regulatory Cooperation and Competition - the Search for Virtue

University of Virginia Law School, Legal Studies Working Paper No. 99-12
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 18 Jul 1999
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 496 (74,736)
Citation 4

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9.

Rationality and Corruption in the Post-Socialist World

Univerity of Virginia Law School, Legal Studies Working Paper No. 99-11
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 05 Aug 1999
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 437 (86,987)
Citation 2

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10.

Sheriff or Prisoner? The United States and the World Trade Organization

UVA School of Law Public Law Working Paper No. 00-10
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 24 May 2000
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 432 (88,164)
Citation 2

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11.

The Political Economy of Choice of Law

UVA Law & Economics Research Paper No. 01-10
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 21 Nov 2001
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 354 (110,654)
Citation 2

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12.

Courts, Tribunals, and Legal Unification - the Agency Problem

Univ. of Virginia Law & Econ Research Paper No. 02-16
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 26 Nov 2002
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 308 (128,742)
Citation 8

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13.

Conceptualizing Comparative International Law

COMPARATIVE INTERNATIONAL LAW, Anthea Roberts, Paul B. Stephan, Pierre-Hugues Verdier & Mila Versteeg, eds., Oxford University Press, 2018, ISBN: 9780190697570
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 22 Mar 2018
School of Regulation & Global Governance (RegNet), University of Virginia School of Law, University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 307 (129,205)
Citation 1

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International law, comparative law, comparative method

14.

Privatizing International Law

Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2011-02
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 08 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 24 Mar 2011
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 292 (136,292)

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15.

The Political Economy of Extraterritoriality

APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 01 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 14 Aug 2011
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 278 (143,441)

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16.

Redistributive Litigation - Judicial Innovation, Private Expectations and the Shadow of International Law

UVA Law and Economics Research Paper No. 01-4
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 09 May 2001
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 257 (155,268)

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17.

Institutions and Elites: Property, Contract, the State, and Rights in Information in the Global Economy

UVA Law & Economics Research Paper No. 01-9
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 21 Nov 2001
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 251 (159,015)

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18.

International Governance and American Democracy

UVA School of Law, Public Law Working Paper No. 00-9
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 24 May 2000
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 249 (160,243)
Citation 1

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19.

Comparative Taxation Procedure and Tax Enforcement

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 04 May 2009
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 248 (161,478)

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20.

Symmetry and Selectivity: What Happens in International Law When the World Changes

Chicago Journal of International Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 26 Jan 2009
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 210 (188,394)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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international law, international relations

21.

International Human Rights and Multinational Corporations: An FCPA Approach

Boston University Law Review, Forthcoming, Vol. 101 (2021), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2021-01
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 08 Jan 2021
Pierre-Hugues Verdier and Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 207 (190,988)

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Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, FCPA, International Human Rights, International Law, Alien Tort Statute, ATS, Multinational Corporations, U.N. Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, Corporate Social Responsibility, CSR

22.

The Limits of Change: International Human Rights Under the Obama Administration

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2011-30
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 09 Sep 2011
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 194 (202,605)

Abstract:

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23.

Treaties in the Supreme Court: 1946-2000

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2010-06
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 26 Feb 2010 Last Revised: 07 Mar 2010
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 188 (208,387)

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treaties, international law, supreme court, direct effect, interpretation

24.

The Cold War and Soviet Law

University of Virginia Law School, Legal Studies Working Paper No. 99-13
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 05 Aug 1999
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 158 (241,782)

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25.

Regulatory Competition and Anticorruption Law

Virginia Journal of International Law, Vol. 53, 2012, Forthcoming, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2012-09
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 29 Aug 2012
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 153 (248,335)
Citation 1

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regulatory competition, bribery, corruption, antitrust

26.

A Becoming Modesty: U.S. Litigation in the Mirror of International Law

UVA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 02-16
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 26 Nov 2002
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 150 (252,415)
Citation 1

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27.

Big Data and the Future Law of Armed Conflict in Cyberspace

THE LAW OF ARMED CONFLICT IN 2040 (Oxford University Press: New York, Matthew C. Waxman, ed. 2020), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-06
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 21 Jan 2020
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 136 (272,798)

Abstract:

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28.

Empagran - Empire Building or Judicial Modesty?

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2010-07
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 26 Feb 2010 Last Revised: 26 Mar 2010
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 123 (294,199)

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antitrust, international law, statutory interpretation, civil litigation

29.

Sovereignty and the World Economy

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-57, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2020-12
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 20 Jul 2020
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 119 (301,287)

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sovereignty, knowledge economy, international law

30.

Competing Sovereignty and Laws' Domains

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-04, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2017-02
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 25 Jan 2017
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 113 (312,453)

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international law, choice of law, rational choice theory of international relations

31.

Comparative International Law, Foreign Relations Law and Fragmentation: Can the Center Hold?

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 18
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 08 Feb 2016
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 108 (322,395)

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32.

Disaggregating Customary International Law

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2010-08
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 26 Feb 2010 Last Revised: 04 Mar 2010
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 86 (373,204)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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international law, international relations

33.

Courts on Courts: Contracting for Engagement and Indifference in International Judicial Encounters

Number of pages: 119 Posted: 19 Feb 2013
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 72 (413,388)
Citation 3

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international civil litigation, international law, contract theory

34.

The Legitimacy of International Law

PALGRAVE HANDBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL THEORY (Palgrave MacMillan: New York, Howard Williams, David Boucher, Peter Sutch & David A. Reidy, eds., forthcoming 2021), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-05
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 17 Jan 2020
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 68 (426,250)

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35.

What Story Got Wrong - Federalism, Localist Opportunism and International Law

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 02 Oct 2008
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 66 (432,995)

Abstract:

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international law

36.

Open Doors

Lewis & Clark Law Review, Vol. 13, 2008
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 02 Oct 2008
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 66 (432,995)

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37.

The One Voice in Foreign Relations Law and the Future of Federal Common Law

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2019-17
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 03 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2019
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 65 (436,423)
Citation 1

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federal courts, international law, foreign relations law

38.

The Future of International Human Rights Law—Lessons From Russia

Law and Contemporary Problems, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2018-58
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 17 Oct 2018
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 59 (457,773)

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international law, human rights, methodology, Russian law

39.

Inferences of Judicial Lawmaking Power and the Law of Nations

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-63
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 06 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 09 Nov 2017
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 50 (493,103)
Citation 4

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40.

United States v. Bond and Information-Forcing Defaults: The Work that Presumptions Do

Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 4, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 13 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2015
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 45 (515,037)

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foreign relations law, statutory interpretation

41.

International Law as a Wedge Between Legal Systems

THE COMMON LAW AND THE CIVIL LAW TODAY ‒ CONVERGENCE AND DIVERGENCE 1 (Vernon Press: Wilmington, Del., Marko Novakovic, editor 2019), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-07
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 21 Jan 2020
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 44 (519,618)

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42.

The Waning of the Federal Common Law of Foreign Relations

THE RESTATEMENT AND BEYOND – THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE OF U.S. FOREIGN RELATIONS LAW (Oxford University Press: New York, Sarah A. Cleveland & Paul B. Stephan, eds. 2020), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-04
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 17 Jan 2020
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 44 (519,618)

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43.

Change in the International Order - Chapter on Antibribery Law

Change in the International Order (Oxford University Press: New York, David Sloss ed., 2021); chapter Antibribery Law., Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2021-30
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 23 Jun 2021
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 39 (543,674)

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Antibribery law, Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, international business, international law, international economic law

44.

The Political Economy of Judicial Production of International Law

This draft was presented at a conference on political economy and international law organized by University "La Sapienza" in May 2014. The proceedings of this conference will be edited by Professor Alberta Fabbricotti and published by Edward Elgar in 2016.
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 29 Jun 2015
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 39 (543,674)

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international law, courts, political economy

45.

Constitutionalism and Internationalism: U.S. Participation in International Institutions

OXFORD HANDBOOK OF COMPARATIVE FOREIGN RELATIONS LAW 375 (Oxford University Press: New York, Curtis A. Bradley, editor 2019) , Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-08
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 22 Jan 2020
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 36 (559,102)

Abstract:

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46.

Wars of Conquest in the Twenty-First Century and the Lessons of History ‒ Crimea, Panama, and John Bassett Moore

Virginia Journal of International Law, Vol. 62, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2021-22
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 14 Apr 2021
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 34 (569,802)

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international law, comparative law, legal history, law of war

47.

Agora: Reflections on RJR Nabisco v. European Community - Private Litigation as a Foreign Relations Problem

110 American Journal of International Law Unbound 40 (2016), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper 2016-46
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 24 Aug 2016
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 31 (586,376)

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48.

The Political Economy of International Law. A European Perspective

The Political Economy of International Law. A European Perspective, by Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, 2016
Posted: 10 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 19 Jul 2017
Sapienza University of Rome, University of Cambridge - Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, University of Geneva - Faculty of Law - Department of Public International Law, Independent, Independent, Independent, University of St. Gallen - LS: School of Law, Students, University at Buffalo Law School, World Trade Institute, University of Groningen - Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Center for International Law, University of Muenster – Faculty of Law, University of Virginia School of Law, Tufts University - The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective GoodsUniversity of Hamburg, Law School, Independent, Universität Hamburg, University of Groningen - Faculty of Law and KU Leuven - Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies

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49.

The Problem with Cooperation

Posted: 02 Oct 2008
Paul B. Stephan
University of Virginia School of Law

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An Empirical Assessment of the Impact of Formal Versus Informal Dispute Resolution on Poverty: A Governance-Based Approach

International Review of Law and Economics, Vol. 25, pp. 89-106, 2005
Posted: 19 Sep 2006
Edgardo Buscaglia and Paul B. Stephan
International Law and Economic Development Center and University of Virginia School of Law

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Justice, judicial reform, corruption, alternative dispute resolution, courts, corruption

An Empirical Assessment of the Impact of Formal Versus Informal Dispute Resolution on Poverty: A Governance-Based Approach

International Review of Law and Economics, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 89-106, 2005
Posted: 11 Dec 2006 Last Revised: 04 Aug 2013
Edgardo Buscaglia and Paul B. Stephan
International Law and Economic Development Center and University of Virginia School of Law

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alternative dispute resolution, judicial reform, legal reform, economic development, corruption, organized crime, judicial effectiveness, selectivity, processing capacity, case management, cost-benefit

51.

Richardson V. Mcknight and the Scope of Immunity after Privatization

UVA Law School, Legal Studies Working Paper No. 00-10
Posted: 04 May 2000
Clayton P. Gillette and Paul B. Stephan
New York University School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law

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