Inge Graef

Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)

Warandelaan 2

Tilburg, 5000 LE

Netherlands

Tilburg Law School

Associate Professor

Tilburg, 5000 LE

Netherlands

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

35

DOWNLOADS
Rank 2,419

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 2,419

in Total Papers Downloads

19,603

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 10,887

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 10,887

in Total Papers Citations

71

CROSSREF CITATIONS

41

Scholarly Papers (35)

1.

Market Definition and Market Power in Data: The Case of Online Platforms

World Competition: Law and Economics Review, Vol. 38, No. 4 (2015), p. 473-506.
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 09 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 02 Sep 2016
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 2,805 (6,383)
Citation 21

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EU competition law, market definition, market power, data, online platforms

2.

Big Data and Competition Policy: Market Power, Personalised Pricing and Advertising

Number of pages: 61 Posted: 21 Feb 2017
Telecom ParisTech, University of Namur and Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 2,533 (7,507)
Citation 21

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big data, competition policy, data and market power, personalised pricing, target adverstising

3.

Data Portability and Data Control: Lessons for an Emerging Concept in EU Law

German Law Journal 2018, vol. 19 no. 6, p. 1359-1398, Tilburg Law School Research Paper No. 2017/22, TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2017-041
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 18 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2018
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC), London School of Economics - Law School and Tilburg University - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT)
Downloads 1,359 (20,045)
Citation 15

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Data portability; data protection; intellectual property; competition; consumer protection; data control

4.

Putting the Right to Data Portability into a Competition Law Perspective

Law: The Journal of the Higher School of Economics, Annual Review, 2013, pp. 53-63
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 28 Mar 2014
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC), KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP) and KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)
Downloads 1,319 (20,924)
Citation 5

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Data portability, data protection law, competition law, online services

5.

Rethinking the Essential Facilities Doctrine for the EU Digital Economy

TILEC Discussion Paper No. DP2019-028
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 13 May 2019 Last Revised: 16 Dec 2019
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 1,023 (30,359)
Citation 5

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Competition law, access to data, rankings, self-preferencing, disruptive innovation, competition for the market

6.

To Break Up or Regulate Big Tech? Avenues to Constrain Private Power in the DSA/DMA Package

Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 21-25
Number of pages: 112 Posted: 11 Oct 2021 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2021
Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, University of Oxford - University of Oxford, Oxford Internet Institute, Students, Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Institute for Information Law, University of Amsterdam, University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR)Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) - Law, Science, Technology & Society Research GroupUniversity of Amsterdam, Institute for Information Law (IViR), Students, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford, Bocconi University - Department of Law, Goethe University Frankfurt - Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Juristische Fakultät, Maastricht European Private Law Institute, German University for Administrative Sciences Speyer, University of Amsterdam, Institute for Information Law (IViR), Bayreuth University, University Carlos III of Madrid, Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC), University of Mannheim - Department of Law, University of Mannheim - Department of Economics, Heinrich Heine University Dusseldorf - Faculty of Law, University of Zurich - Institute of Law and Swiss Institute of Comparative Law
Downloads 743 (47,271)

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competition law, data act, data protection, data governance act, data regulation, digital services act, digital markets act, enforcement, fundamental rights, GDPR, platform regulation, private enforcement, private power

7.

Fairness and Enforcement: Bridging Competition, Data Protection and Consumer Law

International Data Privacy Law 2018, vol. 8 no. 3, p. 200-223
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 08 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 08 Dec 2018
Inge Graef, Damian Clifford and Peggy Valcke
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC), Australian National University College of Law and KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)
Downloads 738 (47,674)
Citation 2

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Abuse of dominance, data portability, exploitation, merger review, refusal to deal, unfair conditions

8.

Algorithms and Fairness: What Role for Competition Law in Targeting Price Discrimination Towards End Consumers?

Columbia Journal of European Law, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2018
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 20 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 01 Dec 2018
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 683 (53,052)
Citation 9

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Price Discrimination, Competition, Data Protection, Consumer Protection

9.

EU Competition Law, Data Protection and Online Platforms: Data as Essential Facility (PhD summary)

EU Competition Law, Data Protection and Online Platforms: Data as Essential Facility, Kluwer Law International 2016
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 17 Jul 2020
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 650 (56,335)
Citation 2

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Competition; intellectual property; data protection; innovation; market definition; data portability; data sharing

10.

Mandating Portability and Interoperability in Online Social Networks: Regulatory and Competition Law Issues in the European Union

Telecommunications Policy 2015, Vol. 39, No. 6, p. 502-514.
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 22 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 19 Aug 2015
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 634 (58,163)

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Data portability, interoperability, switching costs, network effects, online social networks, competition law

11.

Limits and Enablers of Data Sharing. An Analytical Framework for EU Competition, Data Protection and Consumer Law

TILEC Discussion Paper No. DP 2019-024
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 27 Nov 2019
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC), Tilburg University - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) and University of Namur
Downloads 573 (66,147)
Citation 8

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data portability, data access, innovation, competition, data protection, consumer protection, collusion, privacy

12.

Towards a Holistic Regulatory Approach for the European Data Economy: Why the Illusive Notion of Non-Personal Data is Counterproductive to Data Innovation

TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2018-029
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 28 Sep 2018
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC), Radboud University, Nijmegen and London School of Economics - Law School
Downloads 551 (69,446)
Citation 9

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innovation, intellectual property, data protection law, data portability, Digital Single Market

13.

Blurring Boundaries of Consumer Welfare: How to Create Synergies between Competition, Consumer and Data Protection Law in Digital Markets

Forthcoming by Springer as proceedings of the Max Planck Institute Post-Doc conference on 'Personal Data in Competition, Consumer Protection and IP Law: Towards a Holistic Approach?', held on 21 October 2016 in Munich
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 08 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 05 Jul 2017
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 548 (69,906)
Citation 1

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Competition law, consumer protection, data protection, data portability, exploitative abuse, merger review, digital economy

14.

Pre-Formulated Declarations of Data Subject Consent – Citizen-Consumer Empowerment and the Alignment of Data, Consumer and Competition Law Protections

CiTiP Working Paper 33/2017
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 01 Mar 2018
Damian Clifford, Inge Graef and Peggy Valcke
Australian National University College of Law, Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC) and KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)
Downloads 441 (90,947)
Citation 4

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Consent, personal data, unfair terms, market dominance

15.

Business-to-Business Data Sharing: An Economic and Legal Analysis

EU Science Hub, 2020
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 31 Aug 2020
Joint Research Centre, University of Namur, Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC), Tilburg University - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) and Joint Research Centre - European Commission
Downloads 414 (97,877)
Citation 1

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digital data, data market failures, data sharing, portability, data and antitrust

16.

Assessing Data Access Issues in Online Platforms

Telecommunications Policy 2015, Vol. 39, No. 5, p. 375-387
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 20 Aug 2015
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC), KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP) and KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)
Downloads 409 (99,287)
Citation 4

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Multi-sided platforms; competition law; access regulation; user data; essential facilities; search engines; online social networks; e-commerce platforms

17.

The European Commission’s proposed Data Governance Act: some initial reflections on the increasingly complex EU regulatory puzzle of stimulating data sharing

TILEC Discussion Paper No. DP2021-006
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 01 Apr 2021
Inge Graef and Raphael Gellert
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC) and Radboud University, Nijmegen
Downloads 397 (102,978)

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data sharing, data protection law, personal data, non-personal data, data intermediaries, Digital Markets Act, competition law

18.

To Regulate or Not to Regulate Big Tech

Concurrences N°1-2020
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 23 Mar 2020
Inge Graef and Francisco Costa-Cabral
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC) and Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 350 (118,317)

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Competition Law; Digital Platforms; Innovation Competition; As-Efficient Competitor Test

19.

Feedback to the Commission's Proposal on a Framework for the Free Flow of Non-Personal Data

Number of pages: 6 Posted: 30 Jan 2018
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC), Radboud University, Nijmegen, Tilburg University - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) and London School of Economics - Law School
Downloads 345 (120,164)
Citation 2

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concept of personal data; identifiability; free flow of data; data economy; data portability

20.

Spill-Overs in Data Governance: The Relationship Between the GDPR’s Right to Data Portability and EU Sector-Specific Data Access Regimes

TILEC Discussion Paper No. DP 2019-005
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 10 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 25 Sep 2019
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC), London School of Economics - Law School and Utrecht University
Downloads 334 (124,606)
Citation 8

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data portability, data access, innovation, energy, automotive, digital content, payment sector, standardisation

21.

Seven Things to Improve in the Data Act

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 29 Mar 2022 Last Revised: 31 Mar 2022
Inge Graef and Martin Husovec
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC) and London School of Economics - Law School
Downloads 323 (129,551)

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data access, data portability, FRAND, Data Act

22.

Tailoring the Essential Facilities Doctrine to the IT Sector: Compulsory Licensing of Intellectual Property Rights after Microsoft

Cambridge Student Law Review, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 1-20, 2011
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 23 Aug 2011
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 320 (130,346)

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Essential facilities doctrine, compulsory licensing, intellectual property rights, competition law, information technology

23.

Mandated Data Sharing Is a Necessity in Specific Sectors

Economisch Statistische Berichten, vol. 103 (4763) 5 July 2018, p. 298-301., Tilburg Law School Research Paper
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 07 May 2019
Inge Graef and Jens Prufer
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC) and Tilburg University - CentER
Downloads 316 (131,953)

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competition, data-driven markets, data sharing, innovation, data protection

24.

Governance of Data Sharing: a Law & Economics Proposal

TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2021-001, CentER Discusson Paper No. 2021-004
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 29 Jan 2021 Last Revised: 04 Mar 2021
Jens Prufer and Inge Graef
Tilburg University - CentER and Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 297 (140,959)

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Data sharing, data-driven markets, economic governance, competition law, data protection, regulation

25.

Stretching EU Competition Law Tools for Search Engines and Social Networks

Internet Policy Review 2015, Vol. 4, No. 3.
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 04 Sep 2015
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 245 (171,085)

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EU competition law, innovation, search engines, social networks

26.

Response to the Public Consultation on ‘Building a European Data Economy’

TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2017-016, Tilburg Law School Research Paper No. 10/2017
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 26 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2017
Inge Graef and Martin Husovec
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC) and London School of Economics - Law School
Downloads 215 (193,691)
Citation 1

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Data Access, Portability, Competition, Intellectual Property, Database Protection, Data Protection, Consumer Protection

27.

How Can Software Interoperability Be Achieved Under European Competition Law and Related Regimes?

Journal of European Competition Law & Practice 2014, Vol. 5, No. 1, p. 6-19.
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 07 Jan 2014
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 197 (209,958)
Citation 1

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Interoperability, Abuse of dominance, Intellectual property law, Digital Agenda

28.

The Opportunities and Limits of Data Portability for Stimulating Competition and Innovation

Competition Policy International, Antitrust Chronicle November 2020 (II)
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 20 Jan 2021
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 193 (213,918)

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Data portability, GDPR, Merger review, Asymmetric enforcement, Intellectual property

29.

Differentiated Treatment in Platform-to-Business Relations: EU Competition Law and Economic Dependence

Yearbook of European Law, vol. 38 no. 1, p. 448-499, 2019, Tilburg Law School Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 04 Jun 2020
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 165 (244,514)
Citation 1

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Competition; Economic Dependence; Online Platforms; Discrimination; Fairness

30.

Exploring New Ways to Ensure Interoperability Under the Digital Agenda

Info - The journal of policy, regulation and strategy for telecommunications, information and media 2014, Vol. 16, No. 1, p. 7-16.
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 07 Jan 2014
Inge Graef and Peggy Valcke
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC) and KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)
Downloads 104 (346,231)

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Interoperability, Digital Agenda, Competition law, Electronic communications law

31.

Response to the European Commission’s Public Consultation ‘A European Strategy for Data’

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 17 Jul 2020
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC), Tilburg Law School and Tilburg University - LTMS, home of Tilt and Tilec
Downloads 98 (359,915)

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Competition; intellectual property; data protection; portability; data sharing; health data; non-personal data; PSD2; sector-specific data access

32.

Hybrid Differentiation and Competition Beyond Markets

Competition Policy International, Antitrust Chronicle June 2020 (II)
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 17 Aug 2020
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 86 (390,389)

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Discrimination; abuse of dominance; ecosystems; conglomerates; online platforms; potential competition; innovation; access; tying

33.

TILEC Contribution to DG Comp's Call on 'Shaping Competition Policy in the Era of Digitization'

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 18 Nov 2018
University of Florence, Dipartimento di Scienze EconomicheTilburg University, TILEC, Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC), Tilburg University - CentER and Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 71 (435,143)
Citation 1

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Consumer exploitation, data-driven markets, price discrimination, standardization, two-sided markets, voter manipulation

34.

Towards Smarter Regulation in the Areas of Competition, Data Protection and Consumer Law: Why Greater Power Should Come with Greater Responsibility

European Journal of Risk Regulation (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 07 Jan 2021
Inge Graef and Sean van Berlo
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC) and Tilburg University
Downloads 66 (452,071)
Citation 2

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Special responsibility, Risk-based approach, Enforcement priorities, Positive duties, Asymmetric regulation

35.

Feedback on the European Commission's Evaluation of the Market Definition Notice

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 17 Jul 2020
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 58 (481,716)

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Potential competition; innovation; digital ecosystems; data markets