Stephen B. Billings

University of Colorado - Boulder

Associate Professor of Real Estate

Leeds School of Business

Koelbel Building

Boulder, CO US 80309

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

24

DOWNLOADS
Rank 23,384

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 23,384

in Total Papers Downloads

3,006

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 12,695

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 12,695

in Total Papers Citations

41

CROSSREF CITATIONS

52

Scholarly Papers (24)

1.

Let the Rich Be Flooded: The Distribution of Financial Aid and Distress after Hurricane Harvey

Journal of Financial Economics (JFE), Forthcoming
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 13 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2021
Stephen B. Billings, Emily Gallagher and Lowell Ricketts
University of Colorado - Boulder, University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Finance and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Downloads 974 (32,448)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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inequality, financial constraint, bankruptcy, student debt, natural disaster, FEMA, SBA, wealth effects

2.

Parental Arrest and Incarceration: How Does it Impact the Children?

Number of pages: 63 Posted: 11 Sep 2017 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2019
Stephen B. Billings
University of Colorado - Boulder
Downloads 531 (72,596)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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parental incarceration

3.

Human Capital Investment After the Storm

Number of pages: 71 Posted: 19 May 2020 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2022
Emily Gallagher, Stephen B. Billings and Lowell Ricketts
University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Finance, University of Colorado - Boulder and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Downloads 217 (191,562)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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student debt, household finance, financial constraint, wealth shock, natural disaster, FEMA, higher education

4.

Measuring Agglomeration: Which Estimator Should We Use?

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 23 Nov 2015
Stephen B. Billings and Erik Barry Johnson
University of Colorado - Boulder and University of Alabama - Department of Economics, Finance and Legal Studies
Downloads 189 (217,394)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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agglomeration; spatial statistics

5.

Local Option, Alcohol and Crime

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 29 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 19 Nov 2015
Stephen B. Billings
University of Colorado - Boulder
Downloads 153 (259,790)

Abstract:

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alcohol policy, local option, crime

Partisan Residential Sorting on Climate Change Risk

Number of pages: 71 Posted: 11 Dec 2020 Last Revised: 26 Oct 2021
Asaf Bernstein, Stephen B. Billings, Matthew Gustafson and Ryan Lewis
University of Colorado at Boulder, University of Colorado - Boulder, Pennsylvania State University - Smeal College of Business and University of Colorado, Boulder
Downloads 117 (320,309)

Abstract:

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residential sorting, climate change, sea level rise, real estate, politics

Partisan Residential Sorting on Climate Change Risk

NBER Working Paper No. w27989
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 27 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 07 May 2022
Asaf Bernstein, Stephen B. Billings, Matthew Gustafson and Ryan Lewis
University of Colorado at Boulder, University of Colorado - Boulder, Pennsylvania State University - Smeal College of Business and University of Colorado, Boulder
Downloads 11 (796,451)

Abstract:

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7.

The Housing and Educational Consequences of the School Choice Provisions of NCLB: Evidence from Charlotte, NC

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 06 Dec 2014
Stephen B. Billings, Eric J. Brunner and Stephen L. Ross
University of Colorado - Boulder, University of Connecticut and University of Connecticut - Department of Economics
Downloads 123 (307,314)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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housing market, residential mobility, failing schools

8.

Win or Lose: Residential Sorting After a School Choice Lottery

Review of Economics and Statistics, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 22 Jun 2018 Last Revised: 10 Mar 2020
Andrew Bibler and Stephen B. Billings
University of Nevada, Las Vegas and University of Colorado - Boulder
Downloads 121 (311,206)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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9.

Do Enterprise Zones Work? An Analysis at the Borders

Public Finance Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 11 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 13 Mar 2009
Stephen B. Billings
University of Colorado - Boulder
Downloads 110 (332,769)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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Enterprise Zones, State and Local Economic Development, Taxes and Location of Economic Activity

10.

Hanging Out With the Usual Suspects: Neighborhood Peer Effects and Recidivism

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 19 Mar 2018
Stephen B. Billings and Kevin Schnepel
University of Colorado - Boulder and The University of Sydney
Downloads 100 (354,534)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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Crime, Recidivism, Peer Effects, Social Spillovers, Social Interaction

Smoking Gun? Linking Gun Ownership to Neighborhood Crime

Number of pages: 64 Posted: 19 May 2020 Last Revised: 11 Oct 2021
Stephen B. Billings
University of Colorado - Boulder
Downloads 89 (384,846)

Abstract:

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Guns; Neighborhood Crime; Concealed Handgun Permits

Smoking Gun? Linking Gun Ownership to Neighborhood Crime

Number of pages: 63 Posted: 05 May 2022
Stephen B. Billings
University of Colorado - Boulder
Downloads 0

Abstract:

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Neighborhood Crime, Victimization, Gun Ownership

12.

Life after Lead: Effects of Early Interventions for Children Exposed to Lead

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10872
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 10 Jul 2017
Stephen B. Billings and Kevin Schnepel
University of Colorado - Boulder and The University of Sydney
Downloads 77 (415,338)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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early childhood intervention, early health shocks, lead exposure, human capital formation

The Value of a Healthy Home: Lead Paint Remediation and Housing Values

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 16 Dec 2015
Stephen B. Billings and Kevin Schnepel
University of Colorado - Boulder and The University of Sydney
Downloads 57 (492,180)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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lead exposure, lead paint, lead hazard control, environmental quality, urban environmental health

The Value of a Healthy Home: Lead Paint Remediation and Housing Values

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10873
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 10 Jul 2017
Stephen B. Billings and Kevin Schnepel
University of Colorado - Boulder and The University of Sydney
Downloads 14 (758,715)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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lead paint exposure, lead hazard remediation, value of environmental health risk, urban environmental health

14.

The School to Prison Pipeline: Long-Run Impacts of School Suspensions on Adult Crime

NBER Working Paper No. w26257
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 18 Sep 2019 Last Revised: 31 Mar 2022
Andrew Bacher-Hicks, Stephen B. Billings and David Deming
Harvard University, University of Colorado - Boulder and Academic Dean, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 40 (560,269)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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15.

School Segregation, Educational Attainment and Crime: Evidence from the End of Busing in Charlotte-Mecklenburg

NBER Working Paper No. w18487
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 20 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 06 Jan 2022
University of Colorado - Boulder, Academic Dean, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and Columbia University - Columbia Business School, Finance
Downloads 22 (669,998)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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16.

Partners in Crime: Schools, Neighborhoods and the Formation of Criminal Networks

NBER Working Paper No. w21962
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 08 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 03 Jan 2022
Stephen B. Billings, David Deming and Stephen L. Ross
University of Colorado - Boulder, Academic Dean, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and University of Connecticut - Department of Economics
Downloads 21 (677,354)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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17.

The Long-Run Effects of School Racial Diversity on Political Identity

NBER Working Paper No. w27302
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 09 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 06 Feb 2022
Stephen B. Billings, Eric Chyn and Kareem Haggag
University of Colorado - Boulder, Dartmouth College and Carnegie Mellon University - Department of Social and Decision Sciences
Downloads 16 (715,662)

Abstract:

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18.

Schools, Neighborhoods, and the Long-Run Effect of Crime-Prone Peers

NBER Working Paper No. w25730
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 08 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 22 Apr 2022
Stephen B. Billings and Mark Hoekstra
University of Colorado - Boulder and Texas A&M University - Department of Economics
Downloads 12 (749,457)

Abstract:

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19.

Examining the Logic Behind the Self-Help, Self-Taxing Movement: Business Improvement District Formation

Public Budgeting & Finance, Vol. 29, Issue 4, pp. 108-124, Winter 2009
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 15 Dec 2009
Stephen B. Billings and Suzanne LeLand
University of Colorado - Boulder and University of North Carolina (UNC) at Charlotte
Downloads 5 (813,094)

Abstract:

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20.

Should Cities Go for the Gold? The Longā€Term Impacts of Hosting the Olympics

Economic Inquiry, Vol. 50, Issue 3, pp. 754-772, 2012
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 05 Jul 2012
Stephen B. Billings and J. Scott Holladay
University of Colorado - Boulder and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 4 (822,697)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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21.

Self-Interest in Public Service: Evidence from School Board Elections

NBER Working Paper No. w29791
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 28 Feb 2022 Last Revised: 05 Mar 2022
Stephen B. Billings, Hugh Macartney, Geunyong Park and John D. Singleton
University of Colorado - Boulder, Duke University - Department of Economics, University of Rochester and University of Rochester - Department of Economics
Downloads 1 (857,957)
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22.
Downloads 1 (857,957)
Citation 3

Hedonic Amenity Valuation and Housing Renovations

Real Estate Economics, Vol. 43, Issue 3, pp. 652-682, 2015
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 04 Aug 2015
Stephen B. Billings
University of Colorado - Boulder
Downloads 1 (896,203)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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Hedonic Amenity Valuation and Housing Renovations

Real Estate Economics, Forthcoming
Posted: 22 Jul 2014
Stephen B. Billings
University of Colorado - Boulder

Abstract:

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renovations, amenity valuation

Financing Residential Development with Special Districts

Real Estate Economics, Vol. 41, Issue 1, pp. 131-163, 2013
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 26 Feb 2013
Stephen B. Billings and Thomas G. Thibodeau
University of Colorado - Boulder and University of Colorado at Boulder - Leeds School of Business
Downloads 1 (896,203)

Abstract:

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Financing Residential Development with Special Districts

Real Estate Economics, Forthcoming
Posted: 12 Aug 2011
Stephen B. Billings and Thomas G. Thibodeau
University of Colorado - Boulder and University of Colorado at Boulder - Leeds School of Business

Abstract:

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financing infrastructure, special districts, property tax capitalization

Intrametropolitan Decentralization: Is Government Structure Capitalized in Residential Property Values?

Posted: 09 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 09 Nov 2012
Stephen B. Billings and Thomas G. Thibodeau
University of Colorado - Boulder and University of Colorado at Boulder - Leeds School of Business

Abstract:

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Intrametropolitan Decentralization: Is Government Structure Capitalized in Residential Property Values?

Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Vol. 42, No. 4, 2011
Posted: 09 Feb 2011
Stephen B. Billings and Thomas G. Thibodeau
University of Colorado - Boulder and University of Colorado at Boulder - Leeds School of Business

Abstract:

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Government structure, Capitalization, Border matched repeat sales