Henry S. Gao

Singapore Management University - School of Law

Associate Professor

55 Armenian Street

Singapore, 179943

Singapore

http://www.law.smu.edu.sg/faculty/law/henrygao.asp

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

45

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15,643

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 13,837

in Total Papers Citations

36

CROSSREF CITATIONS

49

Scholarly Papers (45)

1.

China's Rise: How It Took on the U.S. at the WTO

University of Illinois Law Review, 2018 (1), 115-184. , UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2017-15, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 14/2017
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 20 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2021
Gregory Shaffer and Henry S. Gao
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 1,474 (16,343)
Citation 3

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China, WTO, legal capacity, dispute settlement, transnational legal ordering, two-level game, international trade law

2.

Law and COVID-19

Singapore Management University School of Law 2020
Number of pages: 256 Posted: 08 Sep 2020 Last Revised: 06 Oct 2020
Singapore Management University - Yong Pung How School of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University - Department of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University School of Law, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Singapore Management University - Yong Pung How School of Law, National Chengchi University College of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University, Singapore Management University - Centre for AI & Data Governance, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University School of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University - Lee Kong Chian School of Business, Singapore Management University - School of Law, Singapore Management University, Singapore Management University - School of Law and Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 1,218 (21,720)

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COVID-19, law, contract, commercial, corporate, insolvency, privacy, technology, AI, trust, governance, public law, dispute resolution, legal education, judicial system, society

3.

China's SOE Reform: Using WTO Rules to Build a Market Economy

International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 2019, Vol 68, Issue 4, 977-1022. doi:10.1017/S002058931900037X
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 11 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 21 Jan 2020
Weihuan Zhou, Henry S. Gao and Xue Bai
University of New South Wales (UNSW) - Faculty of Law, Singapore Management University - School of Law and University of New South Wales (UNSW) - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,081 (25,895)
Citation 3

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Public International Law, China, State-Owned Enterprise, Market Economy, State Capitalism, WTO, Subsidies, Antidumping, Public Body, Dispute Settlement

4.

China's Participation in the WTO: A Lawyer's Perspective

Singapore Year Book of International Law, Vol. 11, pp. 41-74, 2007
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 25 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2018
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 935 (31,860)

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China, WTO, trade, antidumping, subsidy, safeguards, FTA, RTA, dispute settlement

5.

Google’s China Problem: A Case Study on Trade, Technology and Human Rights Under the GATS

Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy (AJWH), Vol. 6, pp. 347-385, 2011
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 24 Dec 2011 Last Revised: 24 Feb 2015
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 925 (32,323)
Citation 2

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WTO, GATS, Internet, human rights, censorship, national treatment, MFN, domestic regulation, general exceptions, public morals, public order, services classification, telecommunication services, computer services

6.

A New Chinese Economic Order?

Journal of International Economic Law, Volume 23, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages 607–635, https://doi.org/10.1093/jiel/jgaa013 , UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2019-21, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 31
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 12 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 15 Jul 2021
Gregory Shaffer and Henry S. Gao
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 905 (33,364)
Citation 3

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7.

China’s Ascent in Global Trade Governance: From Rule Taker to Rule Shaker, and Maybe Rule Maker?

MAKING GLOBAL TRADE GOVERNANCE WORK FOR DEVELOPMENT, pp. 153-180, Carolyn Deere-Birkbeck, ed., Cambridge University Press, 2011
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 27 Nov 2011
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 645 (52,737)
Citation 1

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China, WTO, Doha Round, Dispute Settelement, FTA, RTA

8.

Digital or Trade? The Contrasting Approaches of China and US to Digital Trade

Journal of International Economic Law, Volume 21, Issue 2, 1 June 2018, Pages 297-321, DOI: 10.1093/jiel/jgy015
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 02 May 2018 Last Revised: 19 Feb 2019
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 576 (60,840)
Citation 8

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Digital Trade; Electronic Commerce; Doha Round; WTO; Trade Regulation

9.

‘Overreaching’ or ‘Overreacting’? Reflections on the Judicial Function and Approaches of WTO Appellate Body

(2019) 53(6) Journal of World Trade 951-978, UNSW Law Research Paper No. 19-49, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 30/2019
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 12 Jul 2019 Last Revised: 30 Mar 2020
Weihuan Zhou and Henry S. Gao
University of New South Wales (UNSW) - Faculty of Law and Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 533 (67,121)
Citation 2

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WTO, WTO Appellate Body, Appellate Body, judicial overreach, trade remedy, TBT, US

10.

The RCEP: Great Power Competition and Cooperation over Trade

UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2021-09
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 02 Feb 2021
Henry S. Gao and Gregory Shaffer
Singapore Management University - School of Law and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 520 (69,241)

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Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, digital trade, rules of origin, global supply chains, US-China competition

11.

The Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (Cepa) between Mainland China and Hong Kong - Legal and Economic Analyses

Trading Arrangements in the Pacific Rim: ASEAN and APEC, September 2004
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 17 Apr 2006
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 508 (71,269)

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CEPA, WTO, China, Hong Kong, FTA, RTA, EIA, GATT, GATS, Dispute Settlement, Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement

12.

Procedural Issues in the Anti-Dumping Regulations of China: A Critical Review Under the WTO Rules

Chinese Journal of International Law, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 663-682, November 2006
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 30 Apr 2007
Henry S. Gao and Won M. Choi
Singapore Management University - School of Law and Ewha Womans University - Law
Downloads 481 (76,358)

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China, WTO, Dumping, Anto-dumping, Antidumping, Trade Law

13.

Aggressive Legalism: The East Asian Experience and Lessons for China

CHINA'S PARTICIPATION IN THE WTO, Henry Gao, Donald Lewis, eds., Cameron May Publishers, November 2005
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 17 Apr 2006
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 466 (79,324)

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China, WTO, dispute settlement, Agressive Legalism, Korea, Japan, international trade, world trade organization

14.

Data Regulation with Chinese Characteristics

SMU Centre for AI & Data Governance Research Paper No. 2019/04, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 28/2019, In M. Burri (Ed.), Big Data and Global Trade Law (pp. 245-267). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781108919234.017
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 05 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 02 Aug 2021
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 437 (85,415)

Abstract:

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WTO, e-commerce, digital trade, data

15.

Across the Great Wall: E-commerce Joint Statement Initiative Negotiation and China

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 19 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 02 Jan 2021
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 363 (105,708)

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trade, WTO, E-commcer, digital trade, JSI

16.

The EU-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment: Strategic Opportunity Meets Strategic Autonomy

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 12 May 2021
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 353 (109,041)

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17.

China’s Changing Perspective on the WTO: From Aspiration, Assimilation to Alienation

Number of pages: 17
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 341

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18.

The Mighty Pen, the Almighty Dollar, and the Holy Hammer and Sickle: An Examination of the Conflict between Trade Liberalization and Domestic Cultural Policy with Special Regard to the Recent Dispute between the United States and China on Restrictions on Certain Cultural Products

Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 313-344, September 2007
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 05 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 10 Oct 2012
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 337 (114,885)

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WTO, China, International Trade, Dispute Settlement, Public International Law, Treaty Interpretation, Political Censorship, International Economic Law

19.

Regulation of Digital Trade in US Free Trade Agreements: From Trade Regulation to Digital Regulation

Legal Issues of Economic Integration 45, no. 1 (2018): 47–70.
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 16 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 23 Jul 2019
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 306 (127,413)
Citation 1

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TPP, e-commerce, digital trade, FTA, WTO, GATS

20.

The RTA Strategy of China: A Critical Visit

CHALLENGES TO MULTILATERAL TRADE: THE IMPACT OF BILATERAL, PREFERENTIAL AND REGIONAL AGREEMENTS, pp. 55-66, Vai Io Lo and Laurence Boulle, eds., Kluwer Law International, 2008
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 19 Sep 2010
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 306 (127,413)
Citation 1

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China, FTA, RTA, Regionalism, WTO, Trade

21.

The Bid Challenge Procedures under the WTO Government Procurement Agreement: A Critical Study of the Hong Kong Experience

Public Procurement Law Review, Vol. 16, pp. 211-254, 2007
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 22 Aug 2007
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 301 (129,687)

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WTO, Government Procurement Agreement, GPA, Bid Challenge

22.

Selected Issues in TPP Negotiations and Implications for China

Jiaxiang Hu & Matthias Vanhullebusch (eds.), REGIONAL COOPERATION AND FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS IN ASIA, Brill Academic Publishers, pp. 77-98, 2014, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 32/2014
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 17 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 08 Nov 2017
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 288 (135,855)

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TPP, FTA, WTO, China

23.

Elephant in the Room: Challenges of Integrating China into the WTO System

Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp.137-168, March 2011
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 27 Apr 2011
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 272 (144,119)

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WTO, international trade, trade negotiation, Doha Round, Free Trade Agreements, Dispute Settlement, China

24.

Disruptive Construction or Constructive Destruction? Reflections on the Appellate Body Crisis

Chang-fa Lo, Jinji Nakagawa, and Tsai-yu Lin eds., The Appellate Body of the WTO and Its Reform, Springer 2019, pp. 215-238.Doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-0255-2_13. , Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 29
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 18 Jul 2019 Last Revised: 21 Jan 2020
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 271 (144,692)

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WTO, Appellate Body, Dispute Settlement, Stare Decisis, Precedent, Common Law, Civil Law

25.

China-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement

Simon Lester & Bryan Mercurio (eds.), Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements: Case Studies, Cambridge University Press, pp. 77-96, 2016, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 4/2016
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 08 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 29 Feb 2016
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 269 (145,759)

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FTA, RTA, China, New Zealand, Trade law

26.

From the P4 to the TPP: Transplantation or Transformation?

C.L. Lim, Deborah Elms, Patrick Low (eds.), The Trans-Pacific Partnership: A Quest For A 21st Century Trade Agreement, Cambridge University Press, November 2012, pp. 64-81 , Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 10/2013
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 11 May 2013 Last Revised: 26 Aug 2013
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 190 (203,025)
Citation 1

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TPP, WTO, FTA, P4

27.

The WTO Transparency Obligations and China

The Journal of Comparative Law, 2018, 12 (2), 329-355
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 17 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 05 Mar 2018
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 165 (229,287)
Citation 5

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WTO, China, Transparency, Notifications

28.

The Role of Law in Chinese Value Chains

UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2021-05
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 19 Jan 2021 Last Revised: 15 Jun 2021
Henry S. Gao and Gregory Shaffer
Singapore Management University - School of Law and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 155 (241,573)

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global value chains, design and production networks, china, Chinese law

29.

From the Doha Round to the China Round: China's Growing Role in WTO Negotiations

Lisa Toohey, and Jonathan Greenacre (eds.), CHINA IN THE NEW INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC ORDER: NEW DIRECTIONS AND CHANGING PARADIGMS, Cambridge University Press, 2015, pp. 79-97.
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 04 May 2018 Last Revised: 08 Apr 2020
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 128 (280,907)
Citation 4

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China, WTO, Doha Round, FTA, developing country

30.

Data Sovereignty and Trade Agreements: Three Digital Kingdoms

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 01 Dec 2021
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 116 (301,797)

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31.

China and Trade and Investment Liberalization

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 07 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 06 Jan 2021
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 116 (301,797)

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32.

Public-Private Partnership: The Chinese Dilemma

Gao, Henry. ‘Public-Private Partnership: The Chinese Dilemma’. Journal of World Trade 48, no. 5 (2014): 983–1006.
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 25 Jan 2017
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 111 (311,339)

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WTO, China, public-private partnership, WTO disputes, dispute settlement

33.

Taking Justice Into Your Own Hand: The Trade Barrier Investigation Mechanism in China

Journal of World Trade 44, no. 3, pp. 633-659, (2010), Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 13/2013
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 10 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 26 Aug 2013
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 92 (352,232)

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China, WTO, trade, Trade Barrier Investigation, Section 301, public-private partnership

34.

Dispute Settlement Provisions in Asean's External Economic Agreements with China, Japan and Korea

ASEAN Law in the New Regional Economic Order: Global Trends and Shifting Paradigms, Cambridge University Press (Pasha L. Hsieh & Bryan Mercurio eds., 2019, pp. 64-82. Doi.org/10.1017/9781108563208.005
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 22 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 21 Jan 2020
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 86 (367,332)

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WTO, FTA, ASEAN, RCEP, China, Trade

35.

Can WTO Law Keep Up with the Internet?

Proceedings of the ASIL 108th Annual Meeting/ILA 76th Biennial Conference, pp. 350-352, 2014, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 33/2014
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 21 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 04 Oct 2021
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 83 (375,265)

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36.

Trading Through a Pandemic: The Singaporean Experience

Global Trade and Customs Journal Volume 16, Issue 1 (2021) pp. 11 – 24
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 02 Mar 2021
Henry S. Gao, Dhiraj Chainani and Siu Farn Chew
Singapore Management University - School of Law, Attorney-General's Chambers Singapore and Independent
Downloads 71 (410,099)

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COVID, trade, WTO, FTA, Singapore

37.

China's Strategy for Free Trade Agreements: Political Battle in the Name of Trade

Ross Buckley, Richard Hu and Douglas Arner (eds.),East Asian Economic Integration: Law, Trade and Finance, Edward Elgar, pp. 104-120, 2011, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 11/2013
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 11 May 2013 Last Revised: 11 Aug 2019
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 71 (410,099)
Citation 1

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RTA, FTA, China, Trade, WTO

38.

The Shifting Stars: The Rise of China, Emerging Economies and the Future of World Trade Governance

Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz, Christophe Bellmann and Miguel Rodriguez Mendoza (eds.), THE FUTURE AND THE WTO: CONFRONTING THE CHALLENGES, ICTSD, Geneva, 2012, 74-79.
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 05 Sep 2014
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 66 (426,369)

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China, Free Trade Agreements, International Trade

39.

Saving the WTO from the Risk of Irrelevance: The WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism as a ‘Common Good’ for RTA Disputes

Journal of International Economic Law, Vol. 11, Issue 4, pp. 899-925, 2008
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 21 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 12 Dec 2017
Henry S. Gao and C. L. Lim
Singapore Management University - School of Law and The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Downloads 33 (566,917)
Citation 1

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40.

Taming the Dragon: China's Experience in the WTO Dispute Settlement System

Legal Issues of Economic Integration, Vol. 34, No. 4, pp. 369-392, 2007
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 20 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 15 Aug 2017
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 33 (566,917)
Citation 1

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WTO, China, Dispute Settlement, Trade, World Trade, International Trade, Panel, Appellate Body, Legalism

41.

Trail or Trap? How to Deal with China in the WTO and Beyond

Number of pages: 6
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 16

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42.

Emergency Procurement and Responses to COVID-19: The Case of Singapore

Emergency Procurement and Responses to COVID-19: The Case of Singapore, in Sue Arrowsmith, Luke Butler, Annamaria La Chimia, Christopher Yukins (eds), PUBLIC PROCUREMENT IN A CRISIS: GLOBAL LESSONS FROM THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC, Hart, 2021
Posted: 15 Nov 2021
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law

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43.

US - China Trade War: A Way Out?

Forthcoming (2020) World Trade Review, UNSW Business School Research Paper No. 20-28
Posted: 27 May 2020
Weihuan Zhou and Henry S. Gao
University of New South Wales (UNSW) - Faculty of Law and Singapore Management University - School of Law

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US, China, trade relations, bilateral negotiations, WTO rules, multilateral trading, protectionist, trade distortive, non-protectionist, inclusive trade, Theory of Distortions and Welfare

44.

Dictum on Dicta: Obiter Dicta in WTO Disputes

17 World Trade Review 509–533 (2018), DOI: 10.1017/S1474745618000162
Posted: 13 May 2018 Last Revised: 11 Feb 2019
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law

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WTO, Obiter Dicta, Precedent, Appellate Body, Common Law

45.

Commentaries on Reference Paper on Basic Telecommunications

Henry Gao, Telecommunications Services: Reference Paper, in Rüdiger Wolfrum and Peter-Tobias Stoll (eds), MAX PLANCK COMMENTARIES ON WORLD TRADE LAW, VOLUME VI: “WTO – TRADE IN SERVICES”, Brill (Martinus Nijhoff) Publishers, 2008, pp.718-747, 2008
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 04 Apr 2016
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 8

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WTO, Telecom, Reference Paper

Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 142
1.

Finding a Rule-based Solution to the Appellate Body Crisis: Looking Beyond the Multiparty Interim Appeal Arbitration Arrangement

forthcoming in Journal of International Economic Law
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 10 Mar 2021 Last Revised: 03 Sep 2021
Henry S. Gao
Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 142 (338,864)

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