Robert P. Merges

University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

Wilson Sonsini Professor of Law

215 Boalt Hall

Berkeley, CA 94720-7200

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

52

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42,880

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Top 4,523

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68

CROSSREF CITATIONS

236

Scholarly Papers (52)

1.

High Technology Entrepreneurs and the Patent System: Results of the 2008 Berkeley Patent Survey

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 255-327, 2009, CELS 2009 4th Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 04 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2015
Georgia Institute of Technology - Scheller College of Business, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and University of San Diego School of Law
Downloads 5,302 (1,908)
Citation 71

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Entrepreneurship, Patents, Innovation, Intellectual Property

2.

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2016 - Chapters 1 and 2

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2016 , Stanford Public Law Working Paper No. 2780190
Number of pages: 185 Posted: 19 May 2016 Last Revised: 24 Jun 2016
Peter S. Menell, Mark A. Lemley and Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Stanford Law School and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 3,513 (3,944)
Citation 5

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Intellectual Property, Trade Secret, Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Misappropriation, Right of Publicity

As Many as Six Impossible Patents Before Breakfast: Property Rights for Business Concepts and Patent System Reform

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 27 Sep 1999
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 2,984 (5,136)
Citation 8

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As Many as Six Impossible Patents Before Breakfast: Property Rights for Business Concepts and Patent System Reform

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 14, Pp. 577-615, 1999
Posted: 25 Aug 1999
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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4.

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2017 - Chapters 1 and 2

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age 2017: Vol. II Copyrights, Trademarks and State IP Protections; ISBN-13: 978-1945555077, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper, Stanford Public Law Working Paper
Number of pages: 178 Posted: 22 Jul 2017
Peter S. Menell, Mark A. Lemley and Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Stanford Law School and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 2,552 (6,739)

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Intellectual Property, Trade Secret, Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Misappropriation, Right of Publicity

5.

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2020 - Chapters 1 and 2

Stanford Public Law Working Paper
Number of pages: 179 Posted: 03 Aug 2020
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Stanford Law School, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Columbia University - Law School
Downloads 2,150 (8,854)
Citation 1

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Intellectual Property, Trade Secret, Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Misappropriation, Right of Publicity

6.

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2019 - Chapters 1 and 2

Number of pages: 176 Posted: 08 Jul 2019 Last Revised: 18 Aug 2019
Peter S. Menell, Mark A. Lemley and Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Stanford Law School and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 2,066 (9,465)

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Intellectual Property, Trade Secret, Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Misappropriation, Right of Publicity

7.

Justifying Intellectual Property: Chapter 1

Robert P. Merges, JUSTIFYING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, Harvard University Press, 2011
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 10 Sep 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 2,031 (9,755)

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8.

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2018 - Chapters 1 and 2

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2018 - Chapters 1 and 2, Clause 8 Publishing, 2018, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper, Stanford Public Law Working Paper
Number of pages: 177 Posted: 25 Jul 2018
Peter S. Menell, Mark A. Lemley and Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Stanford Law School and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,878 (11,097)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Intellectual Property, Trade Secret, Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Misappropriation, Right of Publicity

9.

Patents, Entry and Growth in the Software Industry

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 24 Aug 2006
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,350 (18,571)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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Patents, Intellectual Property

10.

Economics of Intellectual Property Law

Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics, Francesco Parisi, eds., Forthcoming
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 22 Mar 2014
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,315 (19,288)

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11.

The Proper Scope of the Copyright and Patent Power

Harvard Journal on Legislation, Vol. 37, p. 45, 2000
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 22 May 2007
Glenn Harlan Reynolds and Robert P. Merges
University of Tennessee College of Law and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,261 (20,585)

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patent, copyright, monopoly, extension, commerce, useful arts

12.

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2021 - Chapters 1 and 2

Number of pages: 186 Posted: 12 Jul 2021
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Stanford Law School, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Columbia University - Law School
Downloads 1,177 (22,766)

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Intellectual Property, Trade Secret, Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Misappropriation, Right of Publicity

13.

Who Owns the Charles River Bridge? Intellectual Property and Competition in the Software Industry

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 28 Feb 2000
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,036 (27,421)
Citation 5

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14.

A New Dynamism in the Public Domain

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 25 Jun 2004
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 986 (29,423)
Citation 2

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15.

From Medieval Guilds to Open Source Software: Informal Norms, Appropriability Institutions, and Innovation

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 05 Feb 2005
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 946 (31,218)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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16.

Operating Efficiently Post-Bilski by Ordering Patent Doctrine Decision-Making

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 25, p. 1673, 2010, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 1953512, University of Missouri School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2011-23
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 03 Nov 2011
Dennis David Crouch and Robert P. Merges
University of Missouri School of Law and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 933 (31,846)

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Patentable Subject Matter, Patent Law, Avoidance

17.

An Estoppel Doctrine for Patented Standards

California Law Review, Vol. 97, No. 1, 2009
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 28 May 2008 Last Revised: 26 May 2014
Robert P. Merges and Jeffrey M. Kuhn
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Kenan-Flagler Business School
Downloads 774 (41,233)

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patents, standards, estoppel, network effects, lock-in, lock in, patent misuse, strategic assertion, laches, waiver, antitrust, reliance, bait and switch, snake in the grass, SSOs, SSO, network industries

18.

A Transactional View of Property Right

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 26 Apr 2005
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 743 (43,555)
Citation 14

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Property rights, precontractual liability, enforcement flexibility

19.

Property Rights, Firm Boundaries, and R&D Inputs

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 11 Jan 2001
Ashish Arora and Robert P. Merges
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 683 (48,770)
Citation 8

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20.

The Uninvited Guest: Patents on Wall Street

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 27 May 2003
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 644 (52,684)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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Patents, Innovation, Financial Services

21.

What Kind of Rights Are Intellectual Property Rights?

Oxford Handbook of IP Law (R. Dreyfuss and J. Pila, eds.), Forthcoming, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 01 May 2017
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 603 (57,255)
Citation 1

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intellectual property, property rights, private law, legal philosophy

22.

Incentives to Challenge and Defend Patents: Why Litigation Won't Reliably Fix Patent Office Errors and Why Administrative Patent Review Might Help

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 14 Oct 2004
Joseph Farrell and Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 598 (57,873)
Citation 11

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patents, uspto, law

23.

Philosophical Foundations of IP Law: The Law and Economics Paradigm

Forthcoming in the Research Handbook on the Economics of IP Law (Peter S. Menell, Ben Depoorter, and David Schwartz, eds.), (Vol. I -- Theory) (Edward Elgar Publishing), UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2920713
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 21 Feb 2017
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 591 (58,780)

Abstract:

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intellectual property, law and economics, jurisprudence

24.

Locke for the Masses: Property Rights and the Products of Collective Creativity

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 08 Jan 2009
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 539 (65,944)
Citation 3

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25.

Measuring the Costs and Benefits of Patent Pools

Ohio State Law Journal, Forthcoming, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2759027
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 05 Apr 2016
Robert P. Merges and Michael Mattioli
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Indiana University Maurer School of Law
Downloads 532 (67,237)
Citation 1

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patent pools, transaction costs, collective licensing, patent licensing, patents, licensing, standard-setting, innovation, antitrust

26.

IP Rights and Technological Platforms

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 15 Dec 2008
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 512 (70,412)
Citation 3

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27.

Space Resources, Common Property, and the Collective Action Problem

NYU Environmental Law Journal, Vol. 6, No. 1, 1997
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 05 Nov 2007
Glenn Harlan Reynolds and Robert P. Merges
University of Tennessee College of Law and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 473 (77,500)

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space law, property, moon treaty, collective action, Reynolds, Merges

28.

Priority and Novelty under the AIA

UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2130209
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 16 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 12 Mar 2013
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 472 (77,702)
Citation 2

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The Relationship between Foundations and Principles in IP Law

UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2130199
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 16 Aug 2012
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 326 (118,070)

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The Relationship between Foundations and Principles in IP Law

San Diego Law Review, Vol. 49, p. 957, 2012
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 09 May 2013
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 136 (268,631)

Abstract:

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intellectual property, legal theory

30.

Copyright and Distributive Justice

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 92, 2016, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-11, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2758845
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 07 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 25 Sep 2016
Justin Hughes and Robert P. Merges
Loyola Law School Los Angeles and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 459 (80,348)
Citation 1

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copyright, Rawls, distributive justice, music, African-Americans, wealth, income, creators

31.

Against Utilitarian Fundamentalism

St. John's Law Review, Vol. 90, No. 3, 2017, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 30 Apr 2017
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 412 (91,189)

Abstract:

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intellectual property, legal theory, private law

32.

The Concept of Property in the Digital Era

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 08 Jan 2009
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 375 (101,654)
Citation 2

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The Trouble with Trolls: Innovation, Rent-Seeking, and Patent Law Reform

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 24, p. 1583, 2010
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 11 May 2013
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 307 (125,905)
Citation 2

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The Trouble with Trolls: Innovation, Rent-Seeking and Patent Law Reform

Posted: 18 Nov 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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34.

Software and Patent Scope: A Report from the Middle Innings

Texas Law Review, Vol. 85, No. 1627, 2007, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 994372
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 12 Jul 2007
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 306 (127,048)
Citation 1

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35.

Locke Remixed

UC Davis Law Review, Vol. 40, p. 101, 2007
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 15 Feb 2007
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 279 (139,956)

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The Continuing Vitality of Music Performance Rights Organizations

UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 1266870
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 15 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2008
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 214 (181,240)
Citation 2

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The Continuing Vitality of Music Performance Rights Organizations

Posted: 18 Nov 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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37.

Patent Markets and Innovation in the Era of Big Platform Companies

Number of pages: 106 Posted: 28 Feb 2019
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 212 (183,136)

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patents, intellectual property, antitrust

38.

The Path of IP Studies: Growth, Diversification, and Hope

Texas Law Review, Vol. 92, No. 1757-1768 (2014), UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2469289, U of Texas Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 616
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 22 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 29 Aug 2014
John M. Golden, Robert P. Merges and Pamela Samuelson
University of Texas at Austin - School of Law, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 199 (194,156)

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39.

To Waive and Waive Not: Property and Flexibility in the Digital Era

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 31 May 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 176 (216,440)
Citation 1

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intellectual property, waiver, property theory

40.

Now and Then, Here and There: A Review Essay on Khan, the Democratization of Invention, and Blind, et al., Software Patents

Journal of Economic Literature, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 18 Apr 2007
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 163 (231,013)

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41.

After the Trolls: Patent Litigation As Ex-Post Market Making

Number of pages: 84 Posted: 18 Feb 2019
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 161 (233,425)

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patents, patent law, intellectual property, licensing, litigation

42.

A Few Kind Words for Absolute Infringement Liability in Patent Law

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 11 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 16 Jul 2014
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 151 (246,215)
Citation 2

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intellectual property, patent law, innovation, diffusion

The Control of Strategic Alliances: An Empirical Analysis of Biotechnology Collaborations

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 27 Jun 2000 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2021
Robert P. Merges and Josh Lerner
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Harvard Business School - Finance Unit
Downloads 124 (288,199)

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The Control of Strategic Alliances: An Empirical Analysis of Biotechnology Collaborations

Posted: 15 Sep 1997
Robert P. Merges and Josh Lerner
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Harvard Business School - Finance Unit

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44.

Foundations and Principles Redux: A Reply to Professor Blankfein-Tabachnick

California Law Review, Vol. 101, 2013
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 30 Sep 2013
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 95 (344,244)

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intellectual property, property theory, legal philosophy, jurisprudence

45.

Intellectual Property Rights, Input Markets, and the Value of Intangible Assets

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 12 Feb 2019
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 66 (425,348)
Citation 8

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46.

The Hamiltonian Origins of the U.S. Patent System, and Why They Matter Today

Iowa Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 31 Mar 2019
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 48 (493,045)

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47.

MGM v. Grokster – Amicus Brief of Professors Peter S. Menell, David Nimmer, Robert P. Merges, and Justin Hughes

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 30 Aug 2019
Peter S. Menell, David Nimmer, Robert P. Merges and Justin Hughes
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Irell & Manella LLP, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 27 (600,786)
Citation 1

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copyright, indirect liability, Sony, Grokster, statutory interpretation, file-sharing

48.

Autonomy and Independence: The Normative Face of Transaction Costs

Arizona Law Review, Vol. 53, 2011
Posted: 31 May 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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intellectual property, transaction costs, property rights theory

49.

One Hundred Years of Solicitude: Intellectual Property Law, 1900-2000

Posted: 11 Jan 2001
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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50.

Property Rights Theory and the Employed Inventor

Berkeley Center for Law and Technology Working Paper 97-03
Posted: 17 Oct 1997
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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51.

The End of Friction? Property Rights and Contract in the 'Newtonian' World of On-Line Commerce

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 12, No. 1 (1997).
Posted: 01 Sep 1997
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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52.

Contracting into Liability Rules: Intellectual Property Rights and Collective Rights Organizations

in the California Law Review, Vol. 84, No. 5 (1996).
Posted: 11 Aug 1997
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 18
1.

Merges: Back to the Shadows, or Onward and Upward? Current Trends in Patent Law

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 18 Apr 2007 Last Revised: 17 Nov 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 18

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