Niccolo Leo Caldararo

San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology

Professor

1600 Holloway Ave.

San Francisco, CA 94132

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

67

DOWNLOADS
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Top 8,147

in Total Papers Downloads

7,381

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 29,432

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 29,432

in Total Papers Citations

8

CROSSREF CITATIONS

22

Scholarly Papers (67)

1.

White Supremacy: Origins and Evolution, a Brief History of Who is Included and Excluded and How it Has Created a Crisis in America

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 29 Jun 2020
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 872 (35,159)
Citation 1

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White Supremacy, Slavery, Catholics, Protestants, Sects, Discrimination

2.

The Psychic Unity of Mankind: The Origins of Anthropology, the Anti-Slavery Movement, Cultural Relativism and Man's 'Unique' Nature

Number of pages: 217 Posted: 08 Jun 2011 Last Revised: 21 Oct 2015
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 803 (39,323)
Citation 4

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anthropology, psychic unity of mankind, cultural relativism

3.

Why People Fear Banks and Why They Are Needed: Banks as Institutions of Caching and as Religious Symbols

Number of pages: 88 Posted: 11 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 16 Jan 2015
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 676 (49,604)

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banking, history of banking, theory of banking, savings, credit, cross-cultural

4.

Al-Qaeda, ISIS, Boko Haram and Forms of Rebellion in the 21st Century in the Vacuum of Ottoman Soviet 'Collapse'

Number of pages: 36 Posted: 14 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2015
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 391 (97,174)

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al-Qaeda, ISIS, terrorism, repression, Boko Haram, Iraq, Afghanistan

5.

Caching, Money, Magic, Derivatives, Mana and Modern Finance

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 20 Aug 2007 Last Revised: 22 Jun 2016
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 307 (126,991)
Citation 7

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caching, money, credit, hedge funds, CDOs, the market, mana, derivatives

6.

Fukuyama, Democracy and the New World Order of ISIS

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 09 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 26 Oct 2014
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 292 (133,935)

Abstract:

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End of History, Fukuyama, Huntington, Clash of Civilizations

7.

The End of Leisure and Retirement, COVID-19: Innovations, Jobs, Pensions, and Keynes: Guaranteed Income or Future Poverty and Redundancy?

Number of pages: 115 Posted: 19 Apr 2020
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 254 (154,452)

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Pensions, priority, old age, retirement, innovations, productivity and the future of poverty

8.

The Origins of the Nation-State in Japan: Destruction of Militant Buddhism and Western Contact of the 15th and 16th Centuries

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 22 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 25 Feb 2015
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 220 (177,440)

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Empty Housing in America, Housing Needs, Shadow Banks and the Sharing Economy

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 05 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 19 May 2015
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 178 (215,074)
Citation 1

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sharing economy, vacant housing, credit crisis

Empty Housing in America, Housing Needs, Shadow Banks and the Sharing Economy

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 26 Jun 2009 Last Revised: 19 May 2015
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 18 (687,552)

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Colony Collapse Disorder, bee societies, disease avoidance, illness and behavior

10.

ADD, ADHD, Drugs, Depression and Suicide in Children

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 05 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2010
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 177 (216,037)

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ADD, ADHD, Children, drugs, behavioral modification

11.

Evolutionary Aspects of Disease Avoidance: The Role of Disease in the Development of Complex Society

Number of pages: 167 Posted: 10 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 03 Dec 2018
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 156 (240,432)
Citation 2

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disease behavior, avoidance, complex society

12.

The Concepts of 'Species' and 'Population' in Considering Ancient DNA and Building Phylogenetic Trees of Hominid Evolution

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 27 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 17 Jun 2018
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 132 (274,691)

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Bitcoin: Rube Goldberg Machine, Antique Throwback, Gigantic Distraction, Entertainment, Ripoff or New Money?

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 17 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 18 Oct 2018
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 79 (390,338)

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Bitcoin: Rube Goldberg Machine, Gigantic Distraction, Entertainment, Ripoff or Money?

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 15 Feb 2018
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 51 (489,970)

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Bitcoin; Blockchain technology; electronic currencies; script; money; government; trade; taxation

14.
Downloads 121 (292,941)

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Atenor Firmin; Racism; Supremist Theory; Colonialism

15.

ADD, ADHD: Genetics, Cross-Cultural Research and Drugs, Depression and Suicide in Children

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 24 Oct 2010
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 116 (301,890)

Abstract:

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16.

Bike-Friendly and Other Traffic Calming Changes and Their Effect on Traffic and Pollution

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 12 Aug 2019
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 107 (321,420)

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traffic calming, bicycle, commute, pollution, pedestrians

17.

Human Sacrifice, Capital Punishment, Prisons & Justice: A Comparative Study

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 04 Aug 2013
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 102 (329,797)

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18.

COVID-19, Isolation, Mammalian Dispersal Patterns, Urban Density, Social Distancing and Mass Psychogenic Disease

Number of pages: 62 Posted: 04 May 2020 Last Revised: 17 Oct 2020
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 100 (334,038)

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COVID-19, quarantine, proxemics, disease avoidance, culture, mass psychogenic disease, dispersal

19.

The Housing Crisis and Homelessness: An Outline History, and an Example from San Francisco Ethnographic Materials

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 04 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 09 May 2015
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 97 (342,932)
Citation 1

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20.

Paradise Wild Fire: You Cannot Blame It All On Climate Change, Home Survival, Defensive Space and Self-fulfilling Prophesy

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 13 Dec 2018
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 94 (347,552)
Citation 1

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21.

Exploding Tax Havens and Inequality: Donor-Advised Funds in Focus

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 21 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 03 May 2016
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 94 (347,552)

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Donor-Advised Funds, Tax Shelters, Tax Avoidance, Inequality

22.

Turkey, the West, Secularism and Fanaticism

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 16 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 29 Jan 2012
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 93 (349,913)

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Turkey, secularism, Islam, fundamentalism, Armenian Question

23.

The Anthropology of the Credit Crisis: Magical Thinking, Irrationality and the Role of Inequality

Number of pages: 314 Posted: 27 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 03 Jun 2013
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 91 (354,765)
Citation 2

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economics, economic anthropology, financial instruments, irrational behavior

24.

Yemen, Cairo and the End of Saudi Arabia

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 28 Jun 2015 Last Revised: 11 Jul 2015
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 84 (372,717)

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Houthis, Saudi Arabia, Wahhabism, Iran, Sunni, Shia, water, oil

25.

America in Afghanistan: Naivete, Greed and Good Intentions: An Anthropological View

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 19 Sep 2010
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 78 (389,261)

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Afghanistan, USA, American interests, Soviet Union

26.

The Market as God and Marketing as Proselytizing

FINANACE AND BANKING DEVELOPMENTS, Charles V. Karsone, ed., Nova Science Publishers, 2009
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 16 Dec 2011
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 77 (392,143)

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market, equities, capitalism, god, financial crises

27.

Aung San Suu Kyi, Buddhism & The Crisis in Myanmar (Burma)

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 26 Jun 2014
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 74 (400,985)

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Aung San, Aung San Suu Kyi, Buddhism, Myanmar (Burma)

28.

War or Religion in the Archaeological Record Tiahuanaco, Predatory Empire or Religious Cult?

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 12 Apr 2013
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 73 (404,042)

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Violence and civilization, Tiahuanaco, Kuksu, Sanusi, War, Religion, Proselytizing, Culture Change

29.

Islamic State and Reversing Colonialism Naivete and the Nature of Evil

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 14 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 29 Dec 2015
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 70 (413,303)

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Evil, religion, ethnic, race, civilization, Judeo-Christian

30.

Derivatives and Debt: The Market as God and Marketing as Proselytizing

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 19 Oct 2009
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 70 (413,303)
Citation 7

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31.

Complex Animal Societies, Domestication and Human Uniqueness

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 04 Jan 2011
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 69 (416,572)

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Human uniqueness, complex society, domestication

32.

Tech Mirages, the Worship of Innovation, the Open Office and Creative Destruction: The End of Value

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 09 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 16 Dec 2015
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 65 (429,819)
Citation 1

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Open Office, Work place organization, productivity, group size, Dunbar’s number

33.

Thucydides 'Trap,' Ideology or Economic Bias?

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 26 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 30 Nov 2019
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 61 (443,721)

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Thucydides Trap; Sparta; Athens; China; USA

34.

Ukraine Neither a State Nor a Country?

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 05 May 2014 Last Revised: 07 Feb 2015
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 61 (443,721)

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35.

Lomechusamania and Colony Collapse Disorder in Honeybees: Implications for Disease in Complex Animal Societies

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 12 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 29 Dec 2015
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 56 (462,179)

Abstract:

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Colony Collapse Disorder, bee societies, disease avoidance, illness and behavior

36.

Grand Juries: Police Violence, Civil Liabilities and Benefits

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 11 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 18 Jan 2015
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 50 (485,931)

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Grand Jury, Police, shootings, liability

37.

Electronic Money, Foreign Exchange, Global Trade & Carthage

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 01 Aug 2014
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 50 (485,931)

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electronic money, currency, debt, deflation, Carthage

38.

Histories of Democracy, Colonial Escape: Turkey & Japan, an Avenue from Arab Spring to a Balance of Secularism and Religion

Number of pages: 49 Posted: 26 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2014
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 48 (494,350)
Citation 1

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39.

Secular Stagnation, Too Much Saving, Ben Bernanke vs Larry Summers and the Theory of Limited Good

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 31 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 05 Aug 2015
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 47 (498,751)

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credit crisis, QE, central banks, investment, consumption, inequality

40.

Wild Fire, Home Survival, Defensive Space and Self-Fulfilling Prophesy

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 21 Jul 2008
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 47 (498,751)

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Wildfire, Fire suppression, Defensible Space, Fire regimes

41.

Wildfire and Fire-Adapted Ecology: How People Created the Current Fire Disasters

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 24 Aug 2015
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 45 (507,537)

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wild fire, fire suppression, logging, sprawal, global warming

42.

North Korea & Hysteria, Madness

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 21 May 2015 Last Revised: 10 Jul 2020
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 42 (521,222)

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North Korea, South Korea, World War II, Korean Conflict, Park Dictatorship

43.

Financial Evolution and Central Bank Credit: Ethics, Morals, Taxation, Stagnation and Bank Holidays

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 21 May 2016 Last Revised: 25 Jul 2016
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 40 (530,779)
Citation 2

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Credit crisis, banking, Great Depression, Great Recession, Iceland, ethics, morals, stagnation

44.

Local Resistance in the Era of Capitalist Globalization: Clash of Cultures in the 21st Century

The IUP Journal of International Relations, Vol. IX, No. 3, July 2015, pp. 7-22
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 30 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 16 Dec 2015
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 39 (535,693)
Citation 1

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45.

Public Policy on Conditioning California’s Forests and Wildlands for Fire

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 25 Feb 2020
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 38 (540,719)

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Wildland fire, Forest fire, Prescribed burns, Mechanical reduction, Wildland development, Recreation

46.

Beyond Zero Population: Climate Change & the Resilience of Civilizations

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 12 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 14 Nov 2013
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 37 (545,760)

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climate change, civilization, collapse, East Asia

47.

Fear of China: Economic and Political Challenge in the 21st Century: Roots and Trends

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 18 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 15 Aug 2017
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 35 (556,212)

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China, colonialism, post-colonial transition, conflict, popular movements, revolution, eusociality

48.

Electronic Money, Foreign Exchange, Global Trade & Its History

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 01 Aug 2014
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 32 (572,520)

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electronic money, currency, debt, deflation, Carthage

49.

Social Mobility: Fixed or Pattern?

Number of pages: 4 Posted: 03 Oct 2014
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 31 (578,115)

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Social Mobility, Inequality, Status Quo, Underclass

50.

Palestine, Israel, the USA & the Peace Talk Ritual

Number of pages: 14 Posted: 01 Aug 2013
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 31 (578,115)

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Palestine, Israel, Middle East, peace talks

51.

Contemporary Islamic Tension, the Ulema and the Iconoclastic Background

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 13 Jan 2013
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 30 (583,906)

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Islam, democracy, Judeo-Christian Tradition, religion, violence

52.

Racism and the Colonial Project of Creating Generational Disabilities

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 11 May 2018
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 29 (589,893)

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53.

Law, Interpretation and Authority: Ancient and Modern

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 10 May 2016
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 26 (608,800)

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Law, primitive, world, cross cultural, practice

54.

A Space Problem and not a Housing Problem

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 24 Mar 2020
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 23 (629,209)

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Housing, affordability, size of unit, substandard, demolition, rent withholding

55.

The Euro, the Dollar and the Costs of Union: The USA & Eurozone

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 08 Sep 2016
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 23 (629,209)

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Euro, Eurozone, EU, US Dollar, Puerto Rico, Portugal, Depopulation, Deflation

56.

Recovery, Retirement, Central Bank Intervention and the Bentzel Effect or Productivity

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 26 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 10 Sep 2016
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 22 (636,255)

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57.

Destroying Institutions: Abandoning the Medical Profession During a Pandemic, A Reaction from the Black Death

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 15 Dec 2020 Last Revised: 20 Jul 2021
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 21 (643,320)

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Institutions, COVID-19, revolution, medicine, science

58.

Preliminary Observations on the Behavior of Feral Chickens on the Island of Kauai; Reflections on Domestication as Complexity

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 22 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 04 Aug 2017
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 20 (650,403)

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Avifauna, Gallus gallus, Feral chickens, social organization, dominance, sex ratio

59.

Inequalities, Fraud and Caste Punishments: An American Saga

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 27 Nov 2014
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 20 (650,403)

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banks, financial system, fraud

60.

A Mental Ethnography Perception, Dreams, Hallucinations, Trance, Understanding, Reality formation and Need in Thought: Conclusions from Research in LSD

Number of pages: 362 Posted: 27 Sep 2021
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 19 (657,596)

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LSD; sensory deprivation; perception; language; psychotropic drugs, psychominetic drugs, microdosing

61.

A Note on the Archaeological Report

North American Archaeologist, Vol. 61, No. 1, 1984-1985
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 31 Mar 2013
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 19 (657,596)

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archaeological reports, writing of reports, style and content

62.

Information on COVID-19 Can Have a Variety of Confusing Consequences and Distort Responses and Containment

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 17 Feb 2021
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 15 (686,905)

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COVID-19, Vaccines, herd immunity, immunological evolution, immune priming

63.

Are Banks Necessary or a Problem and Do All Bailouts Create More Inequality?

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 16 Oct 2018
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 15 (686,905)

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Banks, Bailouts, Credit, Inequality, Money

64.

Touching in the 21st Century: Sexual Dimorphism, Politics and Power

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 28 Jul 2021
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 13 (702,414)

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touching, social space, sexual signals, dimorphism power, status

65.

Has the Fed's Expansion of Capital Only Driven Speculation? And Are We Really in a Asset-Driven Recession?

Number of pages: 6 Posted: 09 Jan 2018
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 11 (718,186)

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recession, liquidity, asset prices, wages

66.

Continuity and Change in Institutions: An Example and Implications and Implications

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 17 Jun 2020
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 4 (773,125)

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Institutions; United States of America; Presidential Powers; Congressional Oversight, Executive Privilege

67.

Democracy, Thucydides, China or Ideology?

The IUP Journal of International Relations, Vol. XIV, No. 2, April 2020, pp. 40-70
Posted: 25 Mar 2021
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology

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Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 4
1.

Viral Infections, Susceptible Populations, Evolution of Disease and Variant Creation Related to SARS-CoV-2

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 10 Sep 2021
Niccolo Leo Caldararo
San Francisco State University - Department of Anthropology
Downloads 4

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Covid-19, coronaviruses, recombination, mutation, immunity