The Role of Mexico in the First Oil Shortage: 1918-1922, an International Perspective

Revista de Historia Económica-A Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, 2ª época, Año XXIV, No. 1, pp. 69-96, primavera 2006

33 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2007 Last revised: 29 Feb 2012

See all articles by Mar Rubio

Mar Rubio

Public University of Navarre - Department of Economics

Date Written: September 1, 2005

Abstract

In 1921 Mexico produced a quarter of world's petroleum, making the country the second largest producer in the world, but by 1930 it only accounted for 3 per cent of world's production. To date the discussion has mostly relied on events taking place in Mexico for explaining the decline of the industry. Very little attention has been placed to developments in petroleum industry elsewhere, except Venezuela. Practically no attention has been paid to the reasons for the rise of oil output in Mexico. This neglects the massive changes taking place in the petroleum industry worldwide during the Great War years and its aftermath, and overall ignores the shortage of oil that occurred in the world's markets between 1918-1921. These are crucial events in order to understand the early rise of the Mexican oil industry and set the basis for a better understanding of the subsequent sudden decline.

Keywords: World's petroleum supply, Mexico, First World War, energy shortage

JEL Classification: N70, N40, N56

Suggested Citation

Rubio Varas, Maria del Mar, The Role of Mexico in the First Oil Shortage: 1918-1922, an International Perspective (September 1, 2005). Revista de Historia Económica-A Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, 2ª época, Año XXIV, No. 1, pp. 69-96, primavera 2006 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1001399 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1001399

Maria del Mar Rubio Varas (Contact Author)

Public University of Navarre - Department of Economics ( email )

Universidad Publica de Navarra
Campus Universitario
Pamplona, 31006
Spain

HOME PAGE: http://www.econ.unavarra.es/mar_rubio/

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