Performance of Social Safety Net Programs in Uttar Pradesh

50 Pages Posted: 20 Feb 2012

Date Written: October 1, 2007


Ajwad assesses the effectiveness of core social protection programs in Uttar Pradesh using the following criteria: i) coverage, ii) targeting efficiency; and iii) adequacy and potential impact on household welfare. The study is largely a quantitative assessment. Five main findings emerge from the study. First, many of the social safety net programs implemented in Uttar Pradesh have very low coverage rates, which in turn imply that exclusion errors are very large. Second, although the beneficiaries are disproportionately from poor households, non-poor households are benefiting from the program - hence, inclusion errors are also a problem. Third, across caste groupings, program beneficiaries from SC/ST households exceed beneficiaries from other caste groups. Fourth, there is considerable geographic variation in program coverage, implying heterogeneity in the effectiveness of service delivery. Fifth, many of the programs have a very small impact on household welfare, even for poor households.

Keywords: Poverty in India, Uttar Pradesh, Anti-poverty programs, safety net programs

JEL Classification: I30, I38, H53, H55, R28

Suggested Citation

Ajwad, Mohamed Ihsan, Performance of Social Safety Net Programs in Uttar Pradesh (October 1, 2007). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 714, Available at SSRN: or

Mohamed Ihsan Ajwad (Contact Author)

World Bank - Human Development ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-473-7861 (Phone)

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