Value at Risk Under Dependence and Heavy-Tailedness: Models with Common Shocks
38 Pages Posted: 10 Oct 2007
Date Written: October 2007
This paper presents an analysis of diversification and portfolio value at risk for heavy-tailed dependent risks in models with multiple common shocks. We show that, in the framework of value at risk comparisons, diversification is optimal for moderately heavy-tailed dependent risks with common shocks and finite first moments, provided that the model is balanced, i.e., that all the risks are available for portfolio formation. However, diversification is inferior in balanced extremely heavy-tailed risk models with common factors. Finally, in several unbalanced dependent models, diversification is optimal, even though there is extreme heavy-tailedness in common shocks or in idiosyncratic parts of the risks.
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