Can a Preferential Trade Agreement Benefit Neighbor Countries without Compensating Them?
31 Pages Posted: 1 Feb 2008 Last revised: 29 Mar 2008
Date Written: January 1, 2008
PTAs are generally negotiated without any tariff concessions or transfers to non-member countries. Can such a PTA benefit the neighbors' welfare? In a two-good competitive equilibrium model in the absence of an entrepôt, a PTA without concessions to the outside will hurt the outsider's welfare when goods are normal. If one of the member countries is an entrepôt, however, it definitely improves the neighbors' welfare. In a multiple-good model, a PTA without concessions deteriorates the neighbors' welfare, provided that all the goods are normal and substitutes, and that initial tariff levels are small.
Keywords: PTA, Neighbor's, Welfare, Kemp-Wan Theorem, WTO, GATT Article 24, Entrepôt
JEL Classification: F11, F13, F15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation