Cooperation Among Universities, Companies and Government in the National Export Software Program - Softex 2000
26 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2008
Date Written: 2000
From 1992 to 1996, the Brazilian government conducted an industrial policy to support the software sector, known as SOFTEX - 2000. It was an initiative proposed and undertaken by the computer science academic community as part of a broader program to support this field of scientific activities. As a consequence, similarities may be noticed between the organization and conduction of this program and the usually favored University work methods (team work, peer review, flat structure etc.). But the program's main objective, to achieve a 1% international market share in the year 2000, was not reached. Among the causes, one can point to the small size and insufficient technical dynamism of Brazilian software firms, a lack of resources for program development, the choice of exports as the aim of SOFTEX - 2000 and an excessive optimism in determining the export level to be reached. Given the economic conditions of the program and the enterprises and the large size of the Brazilian internal market, a greater concentration on the latter would have meant greater success for SOFTEX - 2000.
Keywords: software, industrial policy, technology, Brazil
JEL Classification: D23, L52, L86, O31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation