Organizational Learning in Multinational Companies: Explaining Inter-Organization Variation
Human Resource Management Journal, 2010
Posted: 23 May 2008 Last revised: 27 Nov 2009
This paper addresses the extent to which multinational companies (MNCs) in Ireland deploy practices aimed at the transfer of learning in their operations and the factors explaining inter-organisation variation in so-doing. Using data from 260 MNCs, we find that comparatively large numbers of firms deploy practices to transfer learning in their Irish operations. Most notably, we find almost half of all MNCs have a formal policy on OL, while more than six in every ten MNCs in Ireland utilise three or more learning transfer mechanisms. In investigating inter-organisation variation with respect to these, we test a number of hypotheses involving nationality, sectoral, MNC (e.g. organisation structure) and HR factors. Our results show that the presence of international HR structures are significant factors in explaining learning transfer in MNCs. We also find support that employment size, sector and integration between the MNC’s global operations are useful variables in explaining variation in the deployment of practices on learning transfer between MNCs.
Keywords: Multinational Company, Organisational Learning, Ireland, Knowledge, Learning, Human Resources
JEL Classification: M12
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