Work-Related Accidents and the Level of Market Competition: An Analysis of Worker Injury Rates at U.S. Steel Corporation, 1907-1939

Economic Inquiry, Vol. 46, Issue 3, pp. 438-453, July 2008

16 Pages Posted: 8 Sep 2008

See all articles by Christopher Decker

Christopher Decker

University of Nebraska at Omaha - Department of Economics

David T. Flynn

University of North Dakota - College of Business & Public Administration - Department of Economics

Abstract

We investigate the relationship between accident rates and industry structure for the United States steel industry during the first four decades of the 20th century. We develop a dominant firm theoretical model linking accident rates to number of competitors, showing a positive correlation between accident avoidance and the number of fringe competitors. We then test this theory empirically and, when controlling for other influences, find that reductions in the dominant firms market share reduce worker injury rates substantially.

JEL Classification: L13, L61, N62, N82

Suggested Citation

Decker, Christopher and Flynn, David T., Work-Related Accidents and the Level of Market Competition: An Analysis of Worker Injury Rates at U.S. Steel Corporation, 1907-1939. Economic Inquiry, Vol. 46, Issue 3, pp. 438-453, July 2008, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1263081 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-7295.2007.00099.x

Christopher Decker

University of Nebraska at Omaha - Department of Economics ( email )

College of Business Administration
60th and Dodge Streets
Omaha, NE 68182
United States

David T. Flynn

University of North Dakota - College of Business & Public Administration - Department of Economics ( email )

Grand Forks, ND 58105
United States

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