Biomass Supply for Biofuel Production: Estimates for the United States and Canada
BioResources, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 1070-1087
18 Pages Posted: 17 Jun 2009 Last revised: 20 Jul 2014
Date Written: August 2009
The potential supply of biomass feedstocks in the US and Canada is estimated using a static supply function approach. Estimated total biomass available at a price of $100 per metric ton is 568 million metric tons in the US and 123 million tons in Canada, which together can displace 23-45 billion gallons of gasoline. Sufficient biomass, mainly agricultural and mill residues, will be available at prices of around $50/ton to meet the advanced biofuel mandates of the US Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. The estimates of agricultural residue supply are very sensitive to the assumed fraction of residues that can be sustainably removed from the field, and the potential of municipal solid waste as a feedstock depends on which components can be economically converted into liquid biofuels.
Keywords: Biomass supply, Resource assessment, Lignocellulosic biomass
JEL Classification: Q42, Q11, Q2, Q20, Q29
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation