Did Fair Valuation Depress Equity Values During the 2008 Financial Crisis?

42 Pages Posted: 5 Sep 2009 Last revised: 3 Nov 2009

See all articles by Claudine Madras Gartenberg

Claudine Madras Gartenberg

Wharton School, University of Penn

George Serafeim

Harvard Business School

Date Written: September 5, 2009

Abstract

We investigate the assertion that fair valuation of financial instruments exacerbated the 2008 financial crisis. We focus on the 4th quarter of 2008 following the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy, the Reserve Primary fund “breaking the buck” and other adverse events. Our central finding is that firms with higher percentage of assets fair valued had higher abnormal stock returns. Both fair value level 1 and level 2 measurements are positively associated with stock returns. We show that fair valuation is widespread not only in financial firms but also in industrial firms and that the above results hold for both financial and industrial firms. We do not find evidence that these results are driven by a specific subsample, mean reversion in stock returns, anticipation of the crisis, or liquidity factors alone. Our findings are inconsistent with fair valuation depressing equity values.

Keywords: fair value, financial instruments, financial crisis, stock returns

JEL Classification: G12, G14, G21, M41

Suggested Citation

Gartenberg, Claudine Madras and Serafeim, George, Did Fair Valuation Depress Equity Values During the 2008 Financial Crisis? (September 5, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1468824 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1468824

Claudine Madras Gartenberg

Wharton School, University of Penn ( email )

2035 Steinberg-Dietrich Hall
3620 Locust Walk
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States
2158987755 (Phone)

George Serafeim (Contact Author)

Harvard Business School ( email )

Boston, MA 02163
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.hbs.edu/faculty/Pages/profile.aspx?facId=15705

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