The Evolution of Male-Female Earnings Differentials in Canadian Universities,1970–2001

26 Pages Posted: 20 Jan 2010

See all articles by Casey Warman

Casey Warman

Dalhousie University

Frances Woolley

Carleton University

Christopher Worswick

Carleton University - Department of Economics

Abstract

The evolution of academic salaries and the gender earnings gap in Canadian universities is analysed using a unique Statistics Canada data set containing detailed information on all full-time teachers at Canadian universities over the period 1970 through 2001. Male salaries declined across cohorts, while female salaries remained stable; consequently, male-female earnings differentials have narrowed. Recent years have also seen increasing variation in academic salaries for both men and women. A gender earnings gap remains, the bulk of which can be explained by differences in men’s and women’s rank and field. The unexplained earnings gap has decreased over time.

Evolution des diff´erentiels de salaires entre hommes et femmes dans les universit´es canadiennes 1970-2001. On analyse l’´evolution des salaires et l’´ecart entre hommes et femmes dans les universit´es canadiennes entre 1970 et 2001 `a l’aide d’une base de donn´ees unique de Statistiques Canada qui contient des renseignements d´etaill´es sur tous les professeurs `a temps plein des universit´es canadiennes. Les salaires des hommes ont d´eclin´e au fil des cohortes pendant que ceux des femmes demeuraient stables, ce qui fait que les diff´erentiels de salaires se sont amenuis´es. Au cours des ann´ees r´ecentes, on a observ´e une variabilit´e croissante des salaires acad´emiques tant pour les hommes que les femmes.Un ´ecart entre hommes et femmes persiste qui est attribuable aux diff´erences dans les rangs et dans les champs d’activit´es des hommes et des femmes. L’´ecart qui demeure inexpliqu´e a diminu´e dans le temps.

Suggested Citation

Warman, Casey and Woolley, Frances and Worswick, Christopher, The Evolution of Male-Female Earnings Differentials in Canadian Universities,1970–2001. Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, Vol. 43, Issue 1, pp. 347-372, February / fevrier 2010, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1539189 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5982.2009.01575.x

Casey Warman (Contact Author)

Dalhousie University ( email )

Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 3J5
Canada

Frances Woolley

Carleton University ( email )

1125 colonel By Drive
Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5B6
Canada
613-520-2600, x3756 (Phone)
613-520-3906 (Fax)

Christopher Worswick

Carleton University - Department of Economics ( email )

1125 Colonel By Drive
Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5B6
Canada
61-3-520-2600 (3776) (Phone)

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