Why Ireland? A Qualitative Review of the Factors Influencing the Location of US Multinationals in Ireland with Particular Reference to the Impact of Labour Issues
Economic and Social Review, Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 43-67, 2001
Posted: 24 Feb 2010
Date Written: February 23, 2000
The encouragement of foreign direct investment (FDI) represents a key plank of industrial policy in Ireland. This paper considers the impact of labour issues on the decision of U.S. multinational corporations (MNCs) to locate facilities in Ireland. Drawing on data gathered in ten major U.S. corporations, and from executives employed in the main industrial promotions agencies, this paper evaluates the influence of labour issues on the location of MNCs. While our findings point to the critical significance of Ireland’s low corporation tax regime in attracting U.S. FDI to Ireland, they also identify the relative impact of issues such as labour supply, quality and cost, and broader human resource management factors such labour flexibility and trade union recognition, on the location decision of inward investing MNCs.
Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment, Ireland, U.S., Multinational, Industrial Relations, Labour, Employment, Trade Unions
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