On the Economics of Energy Labels in the Housing Market
31 Pages Posted: 19 May 2010
Date Written: May 19, 2010
The residential housing market can play an important role in the reduction of global carbon emissions, and the information conveyed by energy labels may help to encourage energy conservation among private consumers. This paper reports the first evidence on the market adoption and economic implications of energy performance certificates implemented under a large energy-labeling program in the European Union. The results show that adoption rates are low and declining over time. Labels are clustered among homes and neighborhoods where there is less competition among buyers. We also document that adoption rates of energy labels are positively related to the fraction of ”green” voters during national elections. The energy label seems to create transparency in the energy performance of dwellings and our analysis shows that consumers capitalize this information in the price of their prospective home. The size of the energy-efficiency increment is positively related to the label outcome.
Keywords: energy efficiency, housing, labels, environmentalism
JEL Classification: D12, Q51, R21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation