Women's Unemployment During Transition: Evidence from the Czech and Slovak Micro-Data
38 Pages Posted: 20 May 1999
We analyse women's weekly probabilities of leaving unemployment in the Czech and Slovak Republics (CR and SR) in order to investigate three questions: 1) Why are unemployment rates much lower in the CR than the SR?; 2) Does the unemployment compensation scheme (UCS) substantially lengthen unemploment spells?; and 3) Why are women's unemployment rates higher than men's? We find that differences in the behaviour of the individuals, employers and institutions in the SR and CR (as measured by differences in coefficients) play a larger role in determining the CR's shorter female unemployment spells than do differences in measured demand and demographic variables. The UCS has only a moderate effect on duration and its impact is greater in the CR. The differences between men's and women's spells (in each republic) are explained more by differences in coefficients than by differences in observed characteristics.
JEL Classification: C41, H53, J23, J64, O15, P2
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