Export Destinations and Learning-by-Exporting: Evidence from Belgium

National Bank of Belgium Working Paper No. 140

46 Pages Posted: 2 Oct 2010

See all articles by Mauro Pisu

Mauro Pisu

Leverhulme Centre for Research on Globalisation and Economic Policy; National Bank of Belgium; OECD

Date Written: September 22, 2008

Abstract

This paper evaluates the causal effects of exports to different destination countries using a comprehensive dataset on Belgian manufacturing firms from 1998 to 2005. Initial evidence suggests that, before export market entry, exporters to more developed economies have superior productivity levels than non-exporters and firms exporting to less developed countries. Moreover, they seem to experience higher productivity growth rates in the post-entry period, suggesting learning-by-exporting effects. However, applying matching methodology to formally evaluate the causal effects of export market entry on productivity reveals no such impact. Thus, the productivity advantage of firms exporting to developed countries appears to be driven solely by self-selection.

Keywords: Learning-by-exporting, export destinations, productivity

JEL Classification: L1, D24

Suggested Citation

Pisu, Mauro, Export Destinations and Learning-by-Exporting: Evidence from Belgium (September 22, 2008). National Bank of Belgium Working Paper No. 140, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1685184 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1685184

Mauro Pisu (Contact Author)

Leverhulme Centre for Research on Globalisation and Economic Policy ( email )

University of Nottingham
School of Economics
Nottingham, NG7 2RD
United Kingdom

National Bank of Belgium ( email )

Research Department
Boulevard de Berlaimont 14
Brussels, 1000
Belgium

OECD ( email )

2 rue Andre Pascal
Paris Cedex 16, 75775
France

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