State Infrastructure Banks: A Virginia Perspective

30 Pages Posted: 26 Nov 2010 Last revised: 29 Nov 2010

See all articles by Jonathan L. Gifford

Jonathan L. Gifford

George Mason University School of Public Policy

Date Written: November 24, 2010


This report provides a brief overview of state infrastructure banks (SIBs) from the perspective of the Commonwealth of Virginia. It includes three simplified illustrations of how a SIB might use its initial capitalization and/or ongoing revenue. The report also discusses the federal TIFIA program, which is similar in some respects to state-level programs like SIBs. The report then discusses Virginia’s existing SIB, which was authorized in 1996 with the signing of a Cooperative Agreement between the FHWA and VDOT. Virginia’s SIB was established in 1997 and has supported two projects, the Pocahontas Parkway in Richmond and the I-95/395 HOT lanes in northern Virginia. The current Virginia SIB has relatively limited scope and resources. A revised or newly chartered Virginia SIB might be authorized to use some of the tools and mechanisms used in other states. The next section examines case studies from three states to illustrate how other states have used SIBs. A subsequent section discusses the risks associated with SIBs, and a final section discusses how a new or restructured Virginia SIB could supplement Virginia’s transportation financial outlook.

Keywords: State Infrastructure Banks (SIBs), Infrastructure Finance

JEL Classification: H42, H74, R4, R40

Suggested Citation

Gifford, Jonathan Lewis, State Infrastructure Banks: A Virginia Perspective (November 24, 2010). GMU School of Public Policy Research Paper No. 2010-32, Available at SSRN: or

Jonathan Lewis Gifford (Contact Author)

George Mason University School of Public Policy ( email )

3401 Fairfax Drive MS3B1
Arlington, VA 22201
United States
703-993-2275 (Phone)
801-749-9198 (Fax)


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