Can Covered Bonds Resuscitate Residential Mortgage Finance in the United States?

51 Pages Posted: 1 Feb 2011

See all articles by Jay Surti

Jay Surti

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Date Written: December 2010

Abstract

This paper considers the case for mortgage covered bonds as an alternative to the originate-to-distribute mortgage funding model. It argues that the economic incentives provided to market participants under the covered bonds model are less susceptible to moral hazard even while retaining the key benefits of securitization such as capital market funding and flexibility in risk allocation. Notwithstanding these advantages, however, limited market size and the greater pro-cyclicality of mortgage loan quality in the United States - potentially reflecting borrower incentives under the personal bankruptcy framework - impose limits on the benefits ensuing from this model. The analysis underscores the need for a comprehensive legal-regulatory framework to underpin market development and discusses a number of ways in which the current draft legislation may be further strengthened. A potential strategy to hasten market development within the current institutional framework is identified.

Keywords: Bankruptcy, Bonds, Capital, Capital markets, Credit risk, Economic models, Financial institutions, Housing, Loans, Risk management, United States

Suggested Citation

Surti, Jay, Can Covered Bonds Resuscitate Residential Mortgage Finance in the United States? (December 2010). IMF Working Paper No. 10/277, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1751389

Jay Surti (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

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