Hate Source: White Supremacist Hate Groups and Hate Crime

53 Pages Posted: 14 Feb 2011 Last revised: 28 Mar 2012

Date Written: December 2011


The relationship between hate group activity and hate crime is theoretically ambiguous. Hate groups may incite criminal behavior in support of their beliefs. On the other hand, hate groups may reduce hate crime by serving as a forum for members to verbally vent their frustrations or as protection from biased violence. I find that the presence of an active white supremacist hate group chapter is associated with a 19.1 percent higher hate crime rate. Because white supremacist groups are not associated with the level of anti-white hate crimes committed by non-whites, I am able to reject the possibility that the positive relationship between group presence and hate crimes are symptomatic of the overall level of biased-based violence. Moreover, I am also able to reject the hypothesis that, due to recent increases in hate crimes by non-whites, white supremacist groups form for self-defense.

Keywords: hate crimes, hate groups, white supremacist

JEL Classification: K14, J15, D71

Suggested Citation

Mulholland, Sean E., Hate Source: White Supremacist Hate Groups and Hate Crime (December 2011). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1760825 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1760825

Sean E. Mulholland (Contact Author)

Western Carolina University ( email )

United States

HOME PAGE: http://faculty.wcu.edu/semulholland/

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