Financial Markets

Levy Economics Institute, Working Papers Series No. 660

8 Pages Posted: 28 Mar 2011

See all articles by Jörg Bibow

Jörg Bibow

Skidmore College - Department of Economics; Bard College - Levy Economics Institute

Date Written: March 25, 2011


This paper provides a brief exposition of financial markets in Post Keynesian economics. Inspired by John Maynard Keynes’s path-breaking insights into the role of liquidity and finance in “monetary production economies,” Post Keynesian economics offers a refreshing alternative to mainstream (mis)conceptions in this area. We highlight the importance of liquidity – as provided by the financial system – to the proper functioning of real world economies under fundamental uncertainty, contrasting starkly with the fictitious modeling world of neo-Walrasian exchange economies. The mainstream vision of well-behaved financial markets, channeling saving flows from savers to investors while anchored by fundamentals, complements a notion of money as an arbitrary numéraire and mere convenience, facilitating exchange but otherwise “neutral.” From a Post Keynesian perspective, money and finance are nonneutral but condition and shape real economic performance. It takes public policy to anchor asset prices and secure financial stability, with the central bank as the key public policy tool.

Keywords: Financial Markets, Liquidity, Uncertainty, Rate of Interest, Instability, Central Banking

JEL Classification: A33, B31, E44, E50

Suggested Citation

Bibow, Jörg, Financial Markets (March 25, 2011). Levy Economics Institute, Working Papers Series No. 660, Available at SSRN: or

Jörg Bibow (Contact Author)

Skidmore College - Department of Economics ( email )

Saratoga Springs, NY 12866
United States

Bard College - Levy Economics Institute ( email )

Blithewood Rd
Annandale on Hudson, NY 12504
United States

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