Actor Network Relationship Problems in Local Government

22 Pages Posted: 7 Apr 2011

See all articles by Peter Walter Carmont

Peter Walter Carmont

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Donald Robert Scott

Southern Cross University

Date Written: April 7, 2010


Local government bureaucrats are endowed with a major responsibility of serving a public to whom they are not directly answerable and of advising the representatives of the electorate. The elected representatives are the persons who are answerable to the electorate; however the bureaucrats who advise them are not subject to scrutiny by the electorate nor are they managed by the elected representatives. The result of this disconnected relationship can be that the bureaucrats cease to see themselves as servants of the electorate and instead regard themselves as the ultimate wielders of power, using this power to further their own ends or to harass and to intimidate members of the electorate in some misconceived exercise of power and egotism.

This paper utilises a case study covering four years of local government interactions with the owners/residents of a building. The case revolves around a disputed land-use issue in which the bureaucrats sought network consensus to impose a new limitation of entitlement for existing titleholders. It applies actor-network theory to examine the occurrences and to identify the different actants that have taken part in the interactions and the roles that they have played.

The actants in the case study fall into the following categories, local government bureaucrats, elected councillors, business representatives, unit owners, conciliators, land use and strata title legislation/regulation documentation and a building.

It is found that opinions and desires of the bureaucrats can be “sold” to the councillors by misrepresenting the truth and ignoring factual and legal evidence thereby attempting to subvert the true situation possibly as an exercise of power or to assist the representatives of businesses. However, the unwillingness of titleholders to enroll in the bureaucrats’ scheme of entitlement reallocation eventually caused the network to disintegrate and the proposed limited entitlement scheme was overturned; that is, the bureaucrats’ efforts to enroll other actants did not succeed.

The unit owners were eventually able to obtain a solution because of the intercession by a conciliator. However, the process that was followed over the four years led to a major waste of local government resources and significant stress to the existing titleholders.

Although it was not possible to determine the motivations of all of the actants, the detailed records of their actions can be used to explore how uncontrolled and improper behaviour by local government officers can be prevented. The case also illustrates the usefulness of Actor Network Theory in decomposing complex situations. By facilitating an understanding of identities and their efforts to achieve other actants’ enrollment, a richer depiction of the case is achieved.

Keywords: Actor Network Theory, Local Government Failure

JEL Classification: J52, K10, R59

Suggested Citation

Carmont, Peter Walter and Scott, Donald Robert, Actor Network Relationship Problems in Local Government (April 7, 2010). Available at SSRN: or

Peter Walter Carmont (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Donald Robert Scott

Southern Cross University ( email )

P.O.Box 157
Lismore, New South Wales 2480

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