Exploring Access and Equity in Malaysia’s Private Higher Education

28 Pages Posted: 22 Apr 2011

See all articles by Siew-Yean Tham

Siew-Yean Tham

National University of Malaysia - Institute of Malaysian and International Studies

Date Written: April 19, 2011

Abstract

Private higher education institutions (PrHEIs) are utilized to complement public provision due to financial constraints faced in public provision. However, increasing private provision has raised interesting questions as to who gets educated in these PrHEIs. Is increasing private supply enlarging the circle of opportunity to reach those who might otherwise have been unable to enter university or college? In other words, has the explosion in private supply translated into greater inclusion or increased exclusion? This paper explores access and equity issues in Malaysia’s private higher education system. Malaysia is an interesting case study due to the significant presence of PrHEIs in the country and their contribution toward student enrolment. The findings show that the Malaysian government has provided considerable financial support for the development of PrHEIs in the country, through the provision of incentives, subsidized loans, and scholarships. Quality assurance efforts further enhance the development of private provision, as student loans and scholarships are only provided for students on accredited programs. Therefore, PrHEIs have widened access and equity in the country with the help of government support. Despite this, Malaysia’s model of providing access and equity through private provision may be unsustainable, due to the poor repayment record of student loans and the economic need to reduce the fiscal deficit of the government.

Keywords: malaysia education, higher education, private higher education

JEL Classification: H44, H52, I23

Suggested Citation

Tham, Siew-Yean, Exploring Access and Equity in Malaysia’s Private Higher Education (April 19, 2011). ADBI Working Paper No. 280, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1814963 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1814963

ADBI Submitter (Contact Author)

Asian Development Bank Institute ( email )

Kasumigaseki Building 8F 3-2-5
Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku
Tokyo, 100-6008
Japan

Siew-Yean Tham

National University of Malaysia - Institute of Malaysian and International Studies ( email )

43600 Bandar Baru Bangi
Bangi, Selangor 06010
Malaysia

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