The Evolution of Groupwise Poverty in Madagascar, 1999-2005

Journal of African Economies, 2010

Posted: 23 May 2011

See all articles by David C. Stifel

David C. Stifel

Lafayette College

Felix Forster

University of Warwick - Economics

Christopher B. Barrett

Cornell University - Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics & Management

Date Written: March 30, 2010

Abstract

This paper explores whether there exist differences in groupwise poverty in Madagascar; that is, whether there is a pattern over time of consistently poorer performance among sub-populations readily identifiable by one or more identity markers. Three key messages come out of this analysis. First, there exists a core type of household that remained persistently poor over the period 1999–2005. These households were largely not members of the dominant ethnic group, land poor, lived in remote areas, and were headed by uneducated individuals, most commonly women. Second, in addition to establishing the existence of persistent differences in poverty across groups, relative differences in returns to education, land and remoteness underscore the existence of differences within groups, as one characteristic affects the returns to another. Third, persistent differences in groupwise poverty are associated with multiple different identities, some of which are offsetting and some of which are reinforcing. For example, women's higher education tends to offset the disadvantages associated with being a head of household, while remoteness compounds the disadvantages associated with living in female-headed households.

JEL Classification: O21, O55, R20

Suggested Citation

Stifel, David C. and Forster, Felix and Barrett, Christopher B., The Evolution of Groupwise Poverty in Madagascar, 1999-2005 (March 30, 2010). Journal of African Economies, 2010, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1845835

David C. Stifel (Contact Author)

Lafayette College ( email )

Easton, PA 18042
United States

Felix Forster

University of Warwick - Economics ( email )

Coventry CV4 7AL
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://https://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/staff/fforster/

Christopher B. Barrett

Cornell University - Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics & Management ( email )

315 Warren Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-7801
United States
607-255-4489 (Phone)
607-255-9984 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://aem.cornell.edu/faculty_sites/cbb2/

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