Sorting Guilty Minds

Posted: 24 May 2011

See all articles by Morris B. Hoffman

Morris B. Hoffman

Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado

Date Written: May 23, 2011


Our behavioral experiments show that subjects are quite good at assessing and then appropriately blaming based on the five Model Penal Code states of mind (purposeful, knowing, reckless, negligent and blameless), with one exception: they are terrible at distinguishing knowing from reckless. This could have significant consequences when the criminal charge is murder.

Suggested Citation

Hoffman, Morris B., Sorting Guilty Minds (May 23, 2011). Gruter Institute Squaw Valley Conference: Law, Institutions & Human Behavior, 2011, Available at SSRN:

Morris B. Hoffman (Contact Author)

Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado ( email )

Denver, CO
United States

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