The Yemeni Revolution: Replacing Ali Abdullah Saleh, or Replacing Obsolete Institutions?

Doha Institute: Arab Center For Research and Policy Studies – Case Analysis Series, May 2011

21 Pages Posted: 31 May 2011

See all articles by Hichem Karoui

Hichem Karoui

Center for China & Globalization (CCG)

Date Written: May 30, 2011

Abstract

When the Yemeni uprising broke out, it appeared to follow the same model that had begun in Tunisia: a series of social protests that became a political movement once the opposition parties joined the spontaneous youth revolt, followed by the emergence of a program for democratic reform. But the situation in Yemen has become slightly different.

President Ali Abdullah Saleh, despite very few qualms about his electoral majority in 2006, decided to follow the dictator's handbook and interfere in the country's laws, and perhaps in its constitution, introducing changes that would enable him to retain power – despite the fact that this would upset established balances – and then pass it on to his son. This is what led the opposition parties to confront him and ally themselves with Yemeni youths, forming a movement that has been demanding the resignation of the president since day one of the protests.

This paper examines the effects of the crisis that led to the revolt, and interrogates possible alternatives: will the replacement be democratic, military, tribal, a mixture of all three, or something else altogether? In other words, are the protesters seeking to replace individuals, or institutions? * Introduction * The role of the opposition parties in the Yemeni revolution * The US Embassy in Yemen and corruption * The US Embassy in Yemen and the succession * The West and democracy in Yemen * The goals of the revolution * Tribalism or citizenship? * To what should we pay attention? * Conclusion and results

Keywords: Yemen, Arab Revolutions, Democratic Uprisings, Middle East, MENA

JEL Classification: N45

Suggested Citation

Karoui, Hichem, The Yemeni Revolution: Replacing Ali Abdullah Saleh, or Replacing Obsolete Institutions? (May 30, 2011). Doha Institute: Arab Center For Research and Policy Studies – Case Analysis Series, May 2011, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1855752

Hichem Karoui (Contact Author)

Center for China & Globalization (CCG) ( email )

Beijing
China

HOME PAGE: http://en.ccg.org.cn/people/hichem-karoui/

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