Airlines' Strategic Interactions and Airport Pricing in a Dynamic Bottleneck Model of Congestion
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 12-056/3
35 Pages Posted: 29 May 2012 Last revised: 18 Jul 2013
Date Written: July 15, 2013
This paper analyzes efficient pricing at a congested airport dominated by a single firm. Unlike much of the previous literature, we combine a dynamic (bottleneck) model of congestion and a vertical structure model that explicitly considers the role of airlines and passengers. We show that when a Stackelberg leader interacts with a competitive fringe, charging the congestion toll that is derived for fully atomistic carriers to both leader and fringe yields the first-best outcome. This holds regardless of the leader's internalization of congestion in the unregulated equilibrium, and regardless of the assumed demand substitution pattern between firms. This result implies that thefinancial deficit under optimal pricing may be less severe than what earlier studies suggest. Finally, we show that there are various alternative toll regimes that also induce the welfare maximizing outcome, and therefore widen the set of choices for regulators.
Keywords: Airport pricing, Congestion, Bottleneck model
JEL Classification: H23, L50, L93, R48
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation