Advances in High Frequency Strategies

Doctoral Dissertation, Complutense University, Madrid, 2011

42 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2012 Last revised: 8 Aug 2015

See all articles by Marcos Lopez de Prado

Marcos Lopez de Prado

Cornell University - Operations Research & Industrial Engineering; Abu Dhabi Investment Authority; True Positive Technologies

Date Written: December 1, 2011


SEC and CFTC reports estimate that High Frequency strategies are responsible for about 60% of all transactions on U.S. shares. In Europe, this percentage is around 40% and growing. High Frequency strategies are those characterized by a brief holding period, which can range from a split second to a few hours. This enables traders to place numerous independent bets per day on an instrument or portfolio, profiting from the multiplicative effect postulated by the Fundamental Law of Active Management. The goal is to exploit inefficiencies derived from the market’s microstructure (rigidities, agents’ idiosyncrasies, asymmetric information, etc.). The generalization of electronic markets and ubiquitous automation of financial transactions has rendered many established models and theories obsolete. The objective of this work is to present a new scientific framework for the study of some of the most relevant questions concerning High Frequency.

Keywords: High Frequency Trading, Market Microstructure, Trading Strategies, Execution, Market Making, Risk Modeling, Portfolio Optimization

JEL Classification: C02, D52, D53, G14

Suggested Citation

López de Prado, Marcos and López de Prado, Marcos, Advances in High Frequency Strategies (December 1, 2011). Doctoral Dissertation, Complutense University, Madrid, 2011, Available at SSRN: or

Marcos López de Prado (Contact Author)

Cornell University - Operations Research & Industrial Engineering ( email )

237 Rhodes Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853
United States


Abu Dhabi Investment Authority ( email )

211 Corniche Road
Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi PO Box3600
United Arab Emirates


True Positive Technologies ( email )

United States


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