Moving from Tactics to Strategy: City Intervention Practices and Its Insights

11 Pages Posted: 30 Oct 2012

See all articles by Irina Shafranskaya

Irina Shafranskaya

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Date Written: October 18, 2012


Top-down approach is the most common way of city strategy development and implementation in Russia – this approach, based on the principles coming from the business sector and former planning system heritage, is widely spread mostly due to its clear outcomes. As for bottom-up approach, which probably lacks such a strong theoretical background, it appears to be rather a trick than a norm, which is often mentioned but rarely used in place management practice. However, the issue of community involvement into the process of decision-making is urgent – different schemes of citizens’ participation in city government are being developed worldwide. The important aspect of successful implementation of these schemes in Russia is cultural one – it is historically accepted that government has a chief coordinating and executing role. We argue that community involvement is far from being possible in case the community doesn’t have the sense of its personal role in its development. To provide some kind of conceptualisation of bottom-up approach in city strategy development it is proposed to apply the ‘tactical urbanism’ approach and to up-scale it to the strategic issues of city development. In the paper we would like to present the approach to the place development trajectory investigation, which was implemented during the “Interactive Moscow” Summer School. The approach is aimed at local community activation as the preliminary stage of further involvement and gives the new insights on the ways of city representation.

Keywords: bottom-up approach, city development, tactical urbanism, interventions

JEL Classification: R58, R59

Suggested Citation

Shafranskaya, Irina, Moving from Tactics to Strategy: City Intervention Practices and Its Insights (October 18, 2012). Available at SSRN: or

Irina Shafranskaya (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics