Political Fundraising Networks
28 Pages Posted: 8 Nov 2012 Last revised: 28 Nov 2012
Date Written: November 28, 2012
The paper uses new data on congressional fundraising networks to test whether network structure influences fundraising performance. The results are consistent with two predictions of ``middleman'' models of network formation: first, fundraising networks are characterized by high levels of inequality; second, fundraising performance and network centrality are positively related. Employing a spatial IV strategy that controls for the endogeneity of network formation and endogenous social effects, I find that a one percent increase in a legislator's centrality yields a 0.627% increase in funds raised. The IV estimate is within one standard deviation of the nonspatial OLS estimate and is robust to alternative methods of estimation.
Keywords: Social networks, network effects, centrality, inequality, political fundraising
JEL Classification: D72, C31, C36
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation