Carbon Abatement Potential of Biofuel in the Delhi Region

Posted: 2 Jan 2013 Last revised: 3 Jan 2013

See all articles by Satyendra Nath Mishra

Satyendra Nath Mishra

School of Rural Management, XIM University (Formerly XIMB)

Date Written: May 1, 2006


Growing awareness about the environmental hazards of increasing concentration of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide etc. in the atmosphere resulting in global warming and increasing demand of energy with rapidly increase population, throws urgent need for exploring energy options which are environmental friendly. This opens the new era of energy exploration, like solar, geothermal, Liquid Petroleum Gas, Liquefied Natural Gas, biomass based fuel, biofuel etc. However, in present day emphasis is given on the biofuel that is produced form the edible or nonedible oil. The primary reason for shift to fulfill energy demand from this biological source is the looming crisis of the petroleum fuel, which may occur in future, and use of biofuel as tool to assure energy security, with other socio-economic benefit inline with it. It is important to note that; developed world is looking at biofuel for energy security. However, country like India has multifaceted benefit associated with adoption of biofuel as energy source. Biofuel production can provide an important greenhouse gas emission offset. Namely biofuels mitigate greenhouse gas emissions because their usage displaces coal and oil essentially entering into a carbon recycling operation. This study is an attempt to find the potential of biodiesel in abating the carbon emission against the petrodiesel in the National capital region of Delhi.

Proper review of literature was done specially on life cycle assessment studies of diesel and biodiesel. This helped in drawing a proper methodology for projecting the per capita diesel consumption and carbon abatement potential of biodiesel. Spread sheet model was used to project the per capita diesel consumption (Kg) of Delhi. Three scenarios are considered in this study viz. Business As Usual Scenario, High Growth Rate Scenario and Low Growth Rate Scenario under which carbon emission and abatement potential of petro-diesel and biodiesel are considered. The study examines the implication of different growth scenario on per capita diesel consumption, total diesel consumption and total GHG emission and abatement.

The per capita diesel consumption of 104.90Kg/annum was found highest under low growth rate scenario and of 30.15 Kg/annum was found lowest under high growth rate scenario condition by 2020. The carbon abatement under B10 and B20 condition was higher for low growth rate scenario than the business as usual scenario and high growth rate scenario. This is due to the higher greenhouse gas emission under low growth rate scenario. However, the introduction of biodiesel for carbon abatement would be more effective, if the high growth rate scenario (i.e. under present growth rate of per capita income and price index of diesel with reduced share of state domestic product from the transport in the total state gross domestic product and reduced share of diesel vehicle in the total vehicle) exists in the future where there is reduced greenhouse gas emission.

Keywords: biofuel, Greenhouse gases, energy, global warming

JEL Classification: K32, N75, Q42, R40, R41

Suggested Citation

Mishra, Satyendra Nath, Carbon Abatement Potential of Biofuel in the Delhi Region (May 1, 2006). Available at SSRN:

Satyendra Nath Mishra (Contact Author)

School of Rural Management, XIM University (Formerly XIMB) ( email )

Room No.111, Xavier City Campus,
Nijigada, Kurki, Harirajpur
Khurda, Odisha 752050

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