Migration in Spain: Historical Background and Current Trends

30 Pages Posted: 11 Jul 2000

See all articles by Olympia Bover

Olympia Bover

Banco de España - Research Department; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Pilar Velilla

Banco de España - Research Department

Date Written: December 1999

Abstract

We review the different migration episodes in Spain since the beginning of the 20th century, with special emphasis on the pieces of empirical work that have tried to identify the factors behind them. Migrations abroad for the 1900-1950 and 1950-1973 periods are considered. Foreign immigration is also discussed. Special attention is devoted to internal migration, both to inter-regional and intra-regional flows. Since the early 1980?s net inter-regional flows have fallen and, following the expansion of the welfare state, the traditionally poor and high unemployment regions have become net immigration regions, while the reverse has happened with the better off ones. Intra regional migration, which has not received much attention so far, is also analysed to understand its spectacular increase in all regions since 1982. This is associated to the increased employment opportunities in the services sector that has prompted moves (mainly within regions), mostly of skilled workers, towards larger towns where the new jobs are.

JEL Classification: J15, J61

Suggested Citation

Bover, Olympia and Velilla, Pilar, Migration in Spain: Historical Background and Current Trends (December 1999). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=219871 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.219871

Olympia Bover (Contact Author)

Banco de España - Research Department ( email )

Alcala 50
28014 Madrid
Spain
+34 91 338 5979 (Phone)
+34 91 338 5678 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Pilar Velilla

Banco de España - Research Department ( email )

Alcala 50
28014 Madrid
Spain
+34 91 338 5076 (Phone)
+34 91 338 5678 (Fax)

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