Emergence of Regional Clusters: The Role of Spinoffs in the Early Growth Process

R. Martin and R. Martin (Eds) The Handbook of Evolutionary Economic Geography, pp. 205-221, Edward Elgar Publishing, Incorporated, Cheltenham, UK

18 Pages Posted: 12 Jan 2013

See all articles by Michael S. Dahl

Michael S. Dahl

Aalborg University Business School

Christian Østergaard

Aalborg University - Department of Business and Management

Bent Dalum

Aalborg University - Faculty of Social Sciences

Date Written: 2010

Abstract

The literature on regional clusters has increased considerably during the last decade. The emergence and growth patterns are usually explained by such factors as unique local culture, regional capabilities, tacit knowledge or the existence of location-specific externalities (knowledge spillovers, networks, labour market pooling and specialised suppliers). However, these factors are not sufficient to explain the early formation of clusters. The dominant theories focus more on explaining ex-post dynamics than their early development. This chapter focuses on the early phase and uses an alternative approach to analyse how successful early firms can lead to formation of clusters. Three key determinants are identified: (1) the geographical dimension of entrepreneurial activity, (2) spinoffs from successful firms and (3) new market opportunities. The chapter studies in great detail the evolution of the wireless communications cluster in Northern Denmark and compare it with the evolution of other clusters.

Keywords: Spin-offs, regional clusters, evolutionary economic geography, wireless communications

JEL Classification: R10, O13, J60, l63

Suggested Citation

Dahl, Michael Slavensky and Østergaard, Christian and Dalum, Bent, Emergence of Regional Clusters: The Role of Spinoffs in the Early Growth Process (2010). R. Martin and R. Martin (Eds) The Handbook of Evolutionary Economic Geography, pp. 205-221, Edward Elgar Publishing, Incorporated, Cheltenham, UK, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2198881

Michael Slavensky Dahl (Contact Author)

Aalborg University Business School ( email )

Fibigerstraede 11
Aalborg Ø, 9220
Denmark

HOME PAGE: http://msdahl.net

Christian Østergaard

Aalborg University - Department of Business and Management ( email )

Aalborg, DK-9220
Denmark

Bent Dalum

Aalborg University - Faculty of Social Sciences ( email )

Fibigerstraede 4
Dept. of Business Studies
DK-9100 Aalborg
Denmark
+45-96 35 82 22 (Phone)
+45-98 15 35 05 (Fax)

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