Offshoring of Tasks: Taylorism Versus Toyotism

19 Pages Posted: 14 Feb 2013

See all articles by Rainer Lanz

Rainer Lanz

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD)

S. Miroudot

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) - Trade Directorate (ECH)

Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD)

Date Written: February 2013

Abstract

This paper contributes to the recent debate on trade in tasks, drawing on insights from the theory of the firm as well as recent developments in trade theory. Recent empirical literature suggests that between 20 and 30 per cent of all jobs in key OECD countries could be digitised and offshored. This study offers a cluster analysis which documents that offshorable and non‐offshorable tasks tend to be performed together across occupations. Therefore, when assessing the offshorability of a job, one needs to take into account all tasks being performed by the worker and the gains from fragmenting jobs versus the benefits of multi‐tasked workers (taylorism versus toyotism). Furthermore, one needs to distinguish between fragmentation of production and fragmentation of jobs.

Suggested Citation

Lanz, Rainer and Miroudot, Sebastien and Nordås, Hildegunn Kyvik, Offshoring of Tasks: Taylorism Versus Toyotism (February 2013). The World Economy, Vol. 36, Issue 2, pp. 194-212, 2013, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2217334 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/twec.12024

Rainer Lanz

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) ( email )

2 rue Andre Pascal
Paris Cedex 16, 75775
France

Sebastien Miroudot

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) - Trade Directorate (ECH) ( email )

2, rue André-Pascal
Paris Cedex 16, 75775
France

Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) ( email )

2 rue Andre Pascal
Paris Cedex 16, 75775
France

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