The Asian Development Bank and the Global Financial Crisis: Asian Global Leadership, 2008-2012
The Multilateral Banks and the Global Financial Crisis, Working Paper No. 3, Southeast Asia Research Centre, City University of Hong Kong
38 Pages Posted: 2 Mar 2013
Date Written: March 1, 2013
This is the third of three linked working papers which analyse the discourse produced by the Asian Development Bank, principally in successive Asian Development Outlooks, from 1996-7 onwards. Very extensive use is made of direct quotation, in order to provide substantial illustration of the analysis offered. The papers will serve as a point of reference for more synthetic analysis to be developed elsewhere. It may be, too, that they will serve a purpose to other researchers interested in the arguments developed by the Bank over the period. An identical common introduction, setting out briefly the analytical framework adopted, appears in each of the three papers. It situates the analysis in a classical Marxist framework which interprets the production of discourse and ideas in their material context, presenting the ADB as a representative of 'Asian capital in general', committed to the development of capitalism on a global scale, and adapting its discourse from moment to moment in accordance with the changing material context – in the global economy, and in Asia. This third paper covers the period from 2008 to 2012. At its centre is the 'global financial crisis' and the Bank's reaction to it. It is argued that, as with the earlier Asian financial crisis, while the Bank did not predict the crisis, it responded to it quickly by adapting in its discourse in order to orient Asian governments towards a new phase of the long-term objective of successful integration into the global capitalist economy. Retaining its fundamental commitment to further the development of the world market, and to transform state-society relations and social relations of production across Asia, it now switched its focus from external to internal drivers of change, and advocated an Asian-centred leadership of global capitalist development centred on regional integration and South-South cooperation.
Keywords: Asian Development Bank, global financial crisis
JEL Classification: E11, F02, N15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation