Causal Effects of Maternal Time-Investment on Children's Cognitive Outcomes

Center for Applied Economics, Working Paper 285

45 Pages Posted: 23 Apr 2013

See all articles by Benjamin Villena-Roldan

Benjamin Villena-Roldan

University of Chile - Center for Applied Economics (CEA)

Cecilia Rios-Aguilar

Claremont Colleges - Claremont Graduate University

Date Written: July 1, 2012

Abstract

Many social scientists hypothesize that the time mothers spend with their children is crucial for children's cognitive development. Unlike most studies that focus on maternal employment effects on children, we estimate direct causal effects of time-diary measured maternal time using the Child Development Supplement (CDS) - Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) data set. Considering endogeneity and using different instruments, the effect of an increase of mother's time associated to a rise in her opportunity cost of time is an order of magnitude larger than OLS estimates for cognitive tests. These effects are greater for white children living with college-educated mothers in two-parent households.

Keywords: children outcomes, maternal time-investment, time allocation, causal effect, instrumental variables

JEL Classification: D1, J13, C36

Suggested Citation

Villena-Roldan, Benjamin and Rios-Aguilar, Cecilia, Causal Effects of Maternal Time-Investment on Children's Cognitive Outcomes (July 1, 2012). Center for Applied Economics, Working Paper 285, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2255809 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2255809

Benjamin Villena-Roldan (Contact Author)

University of Chile - Center for Applied Economics (CEA) ( email )

Beauchef 851, east building
room 706
Santiago, RM 8370456
Chile

HOME PAGE: http://www.benjaminvillena.com

Cecilia Rios-Aguilar

Claremont Colleges - Claremont Graduate University ( email )

150 E. Tenth Street
Claremont, CA 91711
United States

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