Child Labor Variation by Type of Respondent: Evidence from a Large-Scale Study

44 Pages Posted: 22 Jun 2013

See all articles by Ana Dammert

Ana Dammert

McMaster University; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

José Galdo

Syracuse University - Department of Economics; IZA Bonn

Abstract

This study uses a nationally representative survey to analyze a key survey design decision in child labor measurement: self-reporting versus proxy interviewing. The child/proxy disagreement affects 20 percent of the sample, which translates into a 17.1 percentage point difference in the national rate of child labor by type of respondent. As a result, marginal effects from standard child labor supply functions show important child/proxy differences, particularly when the household experienced some adverse weather and income shocks. Moreover, we find that attitudes and social perceptions toward child labor are not related to the likelihood of disagreement, while proxy respondent's past experience as child laborers emerges as an important predictor of the disagreement. A modified bivariate choice model reports statistically significant probabilities of misclassification that ranges between 9 and 30 percent according to alternative definitions of child labor.

Keywords: child labor, self/proxy designs, maximum likelihood, survey design, Peru

JEL Classification: C81, J13, J22, O15

Suggested Citation

Dammert, Ana and Galdo, José, Child Labor Variation by Type of Respondent: Evidence from a Large-Scale Study. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7446, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2283561 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2283561

Ana Dammert (Contact Author)

McMaster University ( email )

1280 Main Street West
Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M4
Canada

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

José Galdo

Syracuse University - Department of Economics ( email )

Syracuse, NY 13244-1020
United States

IZA Bonn

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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