Importing, Productivity and SMEs: Firm-Level Evidence from the Netherlands

Tjalling C. Koopmans Research Institute Discussion Paper Series nr: 13-07

30 Pages Posted: 4 Sep 2013 Last revised: 20 Apr 2018

Date Written: June 3, 2013

Abstract

Constructing a comprehensive data set covering Dutch firms over the years 2002-2008 I am the first to investigate the relationship between trade status, firm size and firm-level productivity in the Netherlands, thereby focusing particularly on small and medium sized enterprizes (SMEs). The empirical evidence can be summarized in four stylized facts. The productivity ranking by trade status of Dutch manufacturing firms in increasing order of productivity is: non-traders, importers, exporters and two-way traders. Firm size and being controlled by a company located abroad are positively associated with firm-level productivity. The results point in the direction of self-selection of more productive manufacturing firms into importing, particularly for firms that did not trade altogether prior to the import start and for build-up periods of two and three years towards the import start. I do not find evidence that firms become more productive after an import start because of learning effects. I find considerable heterogeneity in the productivity premia of trade along the firm size distribution. The results suggest that exporting is more complex than sourcing inputs internationally for small firms relative to larger firms.

Keywords: micro data, firm heterogeneity, imports, exports, productivity, the Netherlands

JEL Classification: D22, F14, F23

Suggested Citation

van den Berg, Marcel, Importing, Productivity and SMEs: Firm-Level Evidence from the Netherlands (June 3, 2013). Tjalling C. Koopmans Research Institute Discussion Paper Series nr: 13-07, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2319804 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2319804

Marcel Van den Berg (Contact Author)

Statistics Netherlands ( email )

CBS-weg 11
Heerlen, Limburg 6412 EX
Netherlands

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