Debt Structure Adjustments and Long-Run Stock Price Performance
Posted: 27 Jun 2000
We examine the long-run implications of debt structure adjustments using a sample of U.S. bond IPOs from 1971 to 1994. Bond IPOs result in simultaneous and pronounced changes in both debt maturity and debt ownership structures. We document that firms engaging in debt IPOs substantially underperform their size-and-book-to-market matched benchamarks by 33.39% and 55.99% over the tree- and five-year post-offer periods. Our results are strikingly similar to those reported for equity offers but contrast the evidence for seasoned debt offers. We find evidence that debt IPOs are timed to coincide with the market having the highest expectations concernig firms' prospects. A negative relation is documented between debt maturity and future growth opportunities. In part, the underperformance can be attributed to significantly reduced growth opportunities following the offering. Post-offer underperformance is more pronounced for (a) longer maturity issues, and (b)firms that do not experience an increase in bank monitoring.
JEL Classification: G12,G24, G30,D82
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation