Immigration, Growth, and Unemployment: Panel VAR Evidence from OECD Countries
22 Pages Posted: 7 Nov 2013
Date Written: December 2013
This paper examines empirically the interaction between immigration and host country economic conditions. We employ panel vector autoregression (VAR) techniques for a large annual data set on 22 OECD countries over the period 1987–2009. The VAR approach addresses the endogeneity problem by allowing for endogenous interactions between the variables in the system. Our results provide evidence of migration contribution to host economic prosperity (positive impact on GDP per capita and negative impact on aggregate unemployment, native‐ and foreign‐born unemployment rates). We also find that migration is influenced by host economic conditions (migration responds positively to host GDP per capita and negatively to host total unemployment rate).
JEL Classification: E20, F22, J61
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation