Immigration in Europe: Trends, Policies and Empirical Evidence

98 Pages Posted: 4 Dec 2013

See all articles by Sara de la Rica

Sara de la Rica

Universidad del Pais Vasco; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Albrecht Glitz

Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Barcelona School of Economics; IPEG

Francesc Ortega

City University of New York, CUNY Queens College - Department of Economics ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

This chapter summarizes the main trends, policies and empirical evidence regarding immigration in Europe. We start by providing descriptive evidence on long-term immigration trends and current characteristics of the immigrant populations in various important European destination countries and Europe as a whole. We then discuss key policy issues in the European context, focusing on access to citizenship, asylum seeking, border enforcement, amnesties and policies to attract talent. In the second part of the chapter, we provide a survey of the large and growing literature on the recent European immigration experience, focusing on two key questions: what has been the socio-economic performance of immigrants in their destination countries and how has immigration impacted these countries' economies and native populations.We find large and highly persistent gaps in the economic performance of immigrants relative to natives in most destination countries, with only few instances of encouraging progress. Overall, there is little evidence of a detrimental effect of immigration on the economies of the host countries, which appear to respond to immigrant inflows through mechanisms more complex than simple factor price adjustments.

Keywords: recent European immigration, immigrant outcomes, impact of immigration

JEL Classification: J2, J11, J15, J61

Suggested Citation

de la Rica, Sara and Glitz, Albrecht and Ortega, Francesc, Immigration in Europe: Trends, Policies and Empirical Evidence. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7778, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2363279 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2363279

Sara De la Rica (Contact Author)

Universidad del Pais Vasco ( email )

Barrio Sarriena s/n
Leioa, Bizkaia 48940
Spain

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Albrecht Glitz

Universitat Pompeu Fabra ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, E-08005
Spain

Barcelona School of Economics ( email )

Carrer de Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain

IPEG ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain

Francesc Ortega

City University of New York, CUNY Queens College - Department of Economics ( email )

65-30 Kissena Blvd
Flushing, NY 11367-1597
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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