Gender and Competition: Evidence from Academic Promotions in France

42 Pages Posted: 23 Dec 2013

See all articles by Clément Bosquet

Clément Bosquet

Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne - Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne (CES)

Pierre-Philippe Combes

Sciences Po - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Cecilia Garcia-Peñalosa

Aix-Marseille University

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: December 23, 2013

Abstract

Differences in promotion across genders are still prevalent in many occupations. Recent work based on experimental evidence indicates that women participate less in or exert lower effort during contests. We exploit the unique features of the promotion system for French academics to look at women’s attitudes towards competition in an actual labour market. Using data for academic economists over the period 1991-2008 we find that, conditional on entering the competition, there is no difference in promotions across the genders, which is difficult to reconcile with either discrimination or a poorer performance of women in contests. In contrast, women have a substantially lower probability than men to enter the promotion contest. Our data does not support that this gap is due to differences in costs or preferences concerning department prestige, indicating that women are less willing than men to take part in contests.

Keywords: gender gaps, promotions, academic labour market

JEL Classification: J160, J700, I230

Suggested Citation

Bosquet, Clément and Combes, Pierre-Philippe and Garcia-Peñalosa, Cecilia, Gender and Competition: Evidence from Academic Promotions in France (December 23, 2013). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 4507, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2371242 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2371242

Clément Bosquet

Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne - Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne (CES) ( email )

106-112 Boulevard de l'hopital
106-112 Boulevard de l'Hôpital
Paris Cedex 13, 75647
France

Pierre-Philippe Combes

Sciences Po - Department of Economics ( email )

28, rue des Saints peres
Paris, 75007
France

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.gate.cnrs.fr/ppcombes

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Cecilia Garcia-Peñalosa (Contact Author)

Aix-Marseille University ( email )

3 Avenue Robert Schuman
3 Avenue Robert Schuman,
Aix-en-Provence, 13628
France

Do you want regular updates from SSRN on Twitter?

Paper statistics

Downloads
58
Abstract Views
462
rank
477,523
PlumX Metrics