Eficiência Técnica Das Agropecuárias Familiar E Patronal – Diferenças Regionais No Brasil (Technical Eficience of Family and High Farming – Regional Differences in Brazil)

X Encontro Nacional da Associação Brasileira de Estudos Regionais e Urbanos - X ENABER, October 2012

29 Pages Posted: 1 Mar 2014

See all articles by Denise Imori

Denise Imori

University of São Paulo (USP)

Joaquim Guilhoto

University of Sao Paulo; Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) - Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (STI)

Fernando Postali

University of São Paulo (USP) - Department of Economics

Date Written: 2012

Abstract

Portuguese Abstract: Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar a eficiência técnica dos estabelecimentos agropecuários do Brasil e de suas regiões, utilizando como base os dados do Censo Agropecuário 2006. Mais especificamente, procura comparar as eficiências técnicas dos estabelecimentos rurais familiares em relação aos de caráter patronal, considerando-se as diferenças regionais no país. Para tanto, estimaram-se, sob diferentes hipóteses, fronteiras estocásticas de produção e, simultaneamente, modelos de efeitos de ineficiência. Com isso, foi possível mensurar as eficiências técnicas dos estabelecimentos rurais, bem como analisar as influências de fatores relacionados ao ambiente produtivo, permitindo a indicação de políticas públicas voltadas ao aperfeiçoamento do desempenho dos produtores. Nas estimações empíricas, observou-se menor eficiência técnica para os estabelecimentos familiares. Em termos regionais, destacou-se, no que concerne à eficiência técnica dos estabelecimentos patronais, a região Sul do país, a qual também apresentou, ao lado do Centro-Oeste, os índices mais elevados para os estabelecimentos familiares, em média. Quanto à influência do ambiente produtivo, obteve-se que a educação formal e o acesso a crédito sobressaem como importantes fatores para a eficiência técnica da agropecuária brasileira.

English Abstract: This paper aims to analyze the technical efficiency of farms in Brazil and its regions, based on the data from the 2006 Census of Agriculture. More specifically, it seeks to compare the technical efficiency of farm households in relation to business farms, considering the regional differences in the country. To do so, one simultaneously estimated, under different assumptions, stochastic production frontiers and inefficiency effects models. Thus, it was possible to measure the technical efficiency of farms, as well as analyze the influence of factors related to the production environment, allowing the indication of public policies aimed at improving the performance of producers. In the empirical estimation, it was observed, as expected, lower technical efficiency for farm households. In regional terms, with respect to the technical efficiency of business farms, the South region of Brazil stood out, also presenting, along with the Midwest region, the highest efficiency rates for farm household, on average. Regarding the influence of production environment, it was found that formal education and access to credit are noteworthy as important factors for the technical efficiency of Brazilian agriculture.

Note: Downloadable document is in Portuguese.

Keywords: Census of agriculture, Econometrics, Agriculture economics

JEL Classification: O18, R12

Suggested Citation

Imori, Denise and Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins and Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins and Postali, Fernando Antonio Slaibe, Eficiência Técnica Das Agropecuárias Familiar E Patronal – Diferenças Regionais No Brasil (Technical Eficience of Family and High Farming – Regional Differences in Brazil) (2012). X Encontro Nacional da Associação Brasileira de Estudos Regionais e Urbanos - X ENABER, October 2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2402820

Denise Imori

University of São Paulo (USP) ( email )

Rua Luciano Gualberto, 315
São Paulo, São Paulo 14800-901
Brazil

Joaquim José Martins Guilhoto (Contact Author)

University of Sao Paulo ( email )

Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto, 908
FEA2
Sao Paulo, 05508-010
Brazil
+ 55 011 3091-5870 (Phone)
+ 55 011 3813-4743 (Fax)

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) - Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (STI) ( email )

Paris
France

Fernando Antonio Slaibe Postali

University of São Paulo (USP) - Department of Economics ( email )

Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto 908
Sao Paulo SP, 05508-900
Brazil
+55 11 30915915 (Phone)
+55 11 30915915 (Fax)

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