Civil War, Spillover, and Neighbors’ Military Spending
Conflict Management and Peace Science, Forthcoming
35 Pages Posted: 18 Mar 2014
Date Written: March 17, 2014
This paper brings together studies of civil war consequences and literature on military spending, introducing a novel mechanism for how civil wars adversely affect neighbors – through neighbors’ increased military spending. Military expenditures are important because they often inhibit development. Civil wars affect proximate states’ defense spending because the potential spillover threatens neighbors. Tests on developing countries from 1950-2006 suggest that bordering civil wars are associated with military spending levels, independently of arms races or civil war interventions. Analyses use GIS-derived measures of neighboring civil war that take into consideration whether or not the civil war zone reaches the shared border.
Keywords: Civil war, military expenditures, geography
JEL Classification: H56, C33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation