Civil War, Spillover, and Neighbors’ Military Spending

Conflict Management and Peace Science, Forthcoming

35 Pages Posted: 18 Mar 2014

See all articles by Brian J. Phillips

Brian J. Phillips

University of Essex - Department of Government; Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE) - Division of International Studies

Date Written: March 17, 2014

Abstract

This paper brings together studies of civil war consequences and literature on military spending, introducing a novel mechanism for how civil wars adversely affect neighbors – through neighbors’ increased military spending. Military expenditures are important because they often inhibit development. Civil wars affect proximate states’ defense spending because the potential spillover threatens neighbors. Tests on developing countries from 1950-2006 suggest that bordering civil wars are associated with military spending levels, independently of arms races or civil war interventions. Analyses use GIS-derived measures of neighboring civil war that take into consideration whether or not the civil war zone reaches the shared border.

Keywords: Civil war, military expenditures, geography

JEL Classification: H56, C33

Suggested Citation

Phillips, Brian J., Civil War, Spillover, and Neighbors’ Military Spending (March 17, 2014). Conflict Management and Peace Science, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2410326

Brian J. Phillips (Contact Author)

University of Essex - Department of Government ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester CO4 3SQ, CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE) - Division of International Studies ( email )

Mexico City
Mexico

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