Global Diversification, Industrial Diversification, and Firm Value
46 Pages Posted: 24 Oct 2000
Date Written: August 2001
Using a sample of 44,288 firm-years over the period 1984-1997, we document an increase in both the incidence and the extent of global diversification over time. This trend does not, however, reflect a substitution of global for industrial diversification. We also find that global diversification results in average valuation discounts of approximately the same magnitude as those for industrial diversification. Analysis of the changes in excess value associated with changes in diversification reveals that increases in global diversification reduce excess value, while reductions in global diversification increase excess value. These findings are consistent with the view that the costs of global diversification outweigh the benefits.
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