Rebuilding after Disaster Strikes: How Local Lenders Aid in the Recovery
33 Pages Posted: 13 Nov 2014 Last revised: 21 Oct 2015
Date Written: November 12, 2014
Using detailed employment data on firm age and size, I show that the presence of local finance improves job retention and creation at young and small firms. I use natural disasters and regulatory guidance to disentangle the effects of credit supply and demand. I find that an additional standard deviation of local finance offsets the negative effects of the disaster and can lead to 1 to 2% higher employment growth at either young or small firms. Banks increase lending but are not borrowing against future lending, nor do they experience changes in default rates. These findings suggest that local lenders play an important and necessary role in job creation in the economy.
Keywords: quarterly workforce indicators, natural disasters
JEL Classification: G21, O47
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation