Load Effect on Service Times
34 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2015
Date Written: July 1, 2015
In this paper, we develop a general framework to analyze the influence of system load on service times in queueing systems. Our proposed framework unifies previous results and ties them to possible future studies to help empirical and analytical researchers to investigate and model the ways in which load impacts service times. We identify three load characteristics: changeover, instantaneous load, and extended load. The load characteristics induce behaviors, or mechanisms, in at least one of the system components: the server, the network, and the customer. A mechanism influences the service-time determinants: the work content or the service speed. We identify and define mechanisms that cause service times to change with load and use the framework to categorize them. We propose that an understanding of the relationship between load and service times can come about only by understanding the underlying mechanisms.
Keywords: Behavioral operations; Service operations; Queues; Service time; Load
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